4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

The 4-4-0 or "American" type locomotive was widely used in North America during the 1800's. This wheel arrangement was well suited to the grades and curvature of the railroad of that time. Around 25,000 4-4-0 locomotives were built by companies including Rogers, Baldwin, Cooke and Mason. However, the design required the firebox to fit between the driving wheels which limited its firing (and thus steaming) capacity and by 1900 larger locomotives were needed.

Railroads that used 4-4-0 "American" locomotives in USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)

Surviving Examples of 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

No. Class F.M. Whyte Gauge Railroad Line Location Status Builder Info Notes
3 4-4-0 24" Shelby & Southern Shelby & Southern Railroad, Calera, AL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) For sale
3 4-4-0 36" Depot Museum, Huntsville, AL display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) from South of the Border Amusement Park, Charlotte, then Timber Rail Village, White River Junction, VT
14 (1501) 4-4-0 4'-8½" W. T. Smith (CofG) Pike Heritage Museum, Troy, AL display Baldwin (Burnham) #5892, 1881 From Chapman, AL
11 4-4-0 4'-8½" V&T Old Tucson Studios, Tucson, AZ display M. Baird & Co #2816, 1872 Named Reno, oldest surviving V&T locomotive
2 4-4-0 36" Disneyland, Anaheim, CA operational WDI Named EP Ripley
1 4-4-0 36" Disneyland, Anaheim, CA restoration WDI Named Cyrus K. Holliday
1100 4-4-0 4'-8½" SP (SF&ARR) Deschutes Road, Sacramento River, Anderson, CA sunk Stevens, 1868 Named J.G. Kellogg
5 4-4-0 15" Redwood Valley Railway Redwood Valley Railway, Berkeley, CA operational Named Fern
83 4-4-0 24" Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, CA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1982
1 4-4-0 12" Ottaway Folsom City Zoo, 50 Natoma St., Folsom, CA operational Erich Thompsen, 1950 Named Cricket, from Tilden Park
4-4-0 24" Bonfante Gardens, Gilroy, CA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
4-4-0 24" Bonfante Gardens, Gilroy, CA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
1 (1193) 4-4-0 4'-8½" ST&E (SP) Travel Town Museum, Los Angeles, CA display JA Norris-Lancaster #12, 1864
1 (2) 4-4-0 36" Neverland Valley Railroad (Carowinds) Neverland Ranch, Michael Jackson, Los Olivos, CA out of service Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #37936, 1973 Named Katherine, from Carowinds Amusement Park, Charlotte, then Timber Rail Village, White River Junction, VT, may have been moved to Glendale warehouse
4-4-0 15" B.A.D. Great Northern Railway, Redding, CA private
12 4-4-0 15" California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CA stored named Sonoma, from Orland Newville & Pacific RR, Glenn Co. Fairgrounds, Orland
12 4-4-0 4'-8½" V&T California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CA display M. Baird & Co #3090, 1873 Named Genoa
1 4-4-0 4'-8½" Central Pacific California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CA display Richard Norris & Son #1040, 1863 Named Governor Stanford
12 4-4-0 36" NPC California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CA display Baldwin (Burnham) #3843, 1876 Named Sonoma
4-4-0 22" Fleischhacker Zoo, San Francisco, CA operational Cagney
99 4-4-0 24" CKRR Calgrove Kennels, Santa Clarita, CA display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Operated between 1971 and 1980 at Magic Mountain, Valencia
1 25 ton 4-4-0 36" Pacific Coast Railroad, Santa Margarita, CA private operational Guiberson-Harpur, 1968 Named Caroline. From Six Flags Astroworld, Houston, TX
737 (216) E-31 4-4-0 4'-8½" UP (SP) The Double T, Stevenson, CA display Baldwin #8395, 1887 from Portola. Some list this engine in Merced or Turlock.
1 0-4-4-0 24" CCV CC&V ng Railroad, Cripple Creek, CO operational Orenstein & Koppel (Berlin) #2797, 1902 1960 photo from Avalos, Zacatecas Formerly named Goldfield, from Germany
4 0-4-4-0T 24" Reynolds Brothers Sugar CC&V ng Railroad, Cripple Creek, CO restoration W. Bagnall #2831, 1947 Meyer type mallet from a South African sugar plantation
18 4-4-0 22" Lakeside Amusement Park, Denver, CO out of service Cagney
17 4-4-0 22" Lakeside Amusement Park, Denver, CO out of service Cagney
1 (68) 25 ton 4-4-0 ng UP Jim Fisher, Durango & Silverton, Durango, CO restoration Harpur replica, from Astroworld, TX then Silverwood Park, ID then Laramie, WY
3 4-4-0 ng Santa Cruz National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Museum, Washington, DC display Baldwin (Burnham) #3972, 1876 Named Jupiter
98 4-4-0 4'-8½" MS Central Wilmington & Western Railroad, Marshallton, DE operational ALCO (Brooks) #45921, 01/1909
306 4-4-0 24" Everglade Express Veterans Memorial Railroad, Bristol, FL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) From Lion Country Safari, Loxahatchee, FL then Gold Coast Railroad Museum
4 (66) 4-4-0 36" Unidos de Yucatan Magic Kingdom, Lake Buena Vista, FL operational Baldwin #42915, 1916 Named R.O. Disney
3 4-4-0 24" ES&G Gold Coast Railroad Museum, Miami, FL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
4-4-0 4'-8½" Moscaic Co., Mulberry, FL display Manchester Locomotive Works
4-4-0 4'-8½" Suwanee River Railroad State Agriculture Department Offices, Tallahassee, FL display Danforth, Cooke & Co., 1850 Salvaged from a swamp in March, 1979
5 4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Tampa, FL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1971 from Six Flags St. Louis, MO
4 4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Tampa, FL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
601 4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Tampa, FL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974 from Kings Dominion
9 4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Tampa, FL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
3 4-4-0 24" James Holman, unknown, FL restoration Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Leslie Joy, From Quechee Gorge Village
49 (12) 4-4-0 4'-8½" W&A (L&N) Cyclorama, Grant Park, Atlanta, GA display Danforth, Cooke & Co., 1856 Named Texas
4 4-4-0 36" Warner Brothers Studio Underground, Atlanta, GA display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) from Six Gun Territory, Silver Springs
4-4-0 36" Six Flags Over Georgia, Austell, GA operational (diesel) Harpur, 1966 Named Texas
4-4-0 36" Six Flags Over Georgia, Austell, GA stored operational Harpur, 1966 Named The General. diesel / hydraulic
2 4-4-0 22" Steeplechase Railroad Tellus Science Museum, Cartersville, GA display Cagney, 1905
104 (1) 8-24C 4-4-0 4'-8½" Red River & Gulf (LE) Southeastern Railway Museum, Duluth, GA display Baldwin, 1919 Named General II. From Stone Mountain Scenic
3 (39) 4-4-0 4'-8½" W&A (L&N) Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History, Kennesaw, GA display Rogers Ketchum & Grosvenor, 1855 Named The General
999 C-14a 4-4-0 4'-8½" NYC&HRRR Museum of Science & Industry, Chicago, IL display NYC&HRR, 1893
63 4-4-0 4'-8½" Central Pacific Elgin, IL operational 2009 Named Leviathan, replica
98 4-4-0 15" Little Toot Railroad Charley Brown Park, Flora, IL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #1, 1959 Named Little Toot
4-4-0 15" American Threshermens Show, Pinckneyville, IL operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Little Toot, From Marion, IL
16 4-4-0 4'-8½" T&D Illinois Railway Museum, Union, IL display Baldwin #41653, 1914
1 (567) 4-4-0 4'-8½" Anthony & Northern (CRI&P) S of town, west of Hwy 19, Arkansas River, Larned, KS sunk Brooks, 1887 sunk in 1919
7 (2) 4-4-0 36" Old Hickory Railroad, Jackson, LA out of service Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #43436, 1964 from Frontierland, Cherokee, NC
4-4-0 15" stored, Worcester, MA private operational Cagney, 1905 Sold? Where did this go?
25 4-4-0 4'-8½" B&O B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MD operational Mason Machine Works #46, 1856 Named William Mason, featured in 'The Great Locomotive Chase'
999 (314) 4-4-0 15" Blue Mountain Railway private, Braddock Heights, MD private operational Cagney, 1901 Built for the 1901 Panamerican Exposition in Buffalo, NY
4-4-0 24" Frontier City, Ocean City, MD operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
7 4-4-0 15" Eden Springs Park, Benton Harbor, MI operational Cagney, 1904 Rebuilt by House of David 1920
4-4-0 15" Eden Springs Park, Benton Harbor, MI operational Cagney, 1904
1 4-4-0 4'-8½" Ford Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MI operational Manchester Locomotive Works, 1870 Named Edison. Rebuilt from an 0-4-0 in 1932 by Henry Ford.
7 4-4-0 4'-8½" DT&I (Detroit & Lima Northern) Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MI operational Baldwin #15317, 1897 Restored in 2012
110 (3) 4-4-0 4'-8½" J.J. McDonough Lumber (Atlantic & Gulf) Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, MI display Rogers #812, 01/1858 Named Sam Hill, operated in the 1930s when Henry Ford opened.
999 4-4-0 15" Gaines, MI stored Armitage-Herschell, 1904
9 4-4-0 Little Smokey RR Monroe County Fairgrounds, Monroe, MI operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
1 4-4-0 4'-8½" GN (M&P) Lake Superior Railroad Museum, Duluth, MN display New Jersey Locomotive, 1861 Named William Crooks
7 4-4-0 Bonne Terre Mine, Bonne Terre, MO sunk
6 4-4-0 36" Six Flags St. Louis, Eureka, MO operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1969 named Tommy G. Robertson
33 4-4-0 36" Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, MO operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #27636, 1973 Named Eli
35 (66) A-2 4-4-0 4'-8½" CB&Q (Hannibal & St. Joseph) Patee House Museum, St. Joseph, MO display Baldwin, 1892 backdated in 1933 at CB&Q's Aurora Shops
274 (1040) 4-4-0 4'-8½" C&NW (W&StP) Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO display Baldwin #3107, 1873
39 4-4-0 4'-8½" B&A Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO display B&A (Springfield, MS), 1876 Named Marmora
17 4-4-0 4'-8½" Boston & Providence Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO display B&P (Roxbury), 1863 Named Daniel Nason
952 4-4-0C 4'-8½" DL&W Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO display ALCO (Schenectady) #30555, 1905
311 4-4-0 4'-8½" M-K-T Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO display Baldwin (Burnham) #10640, 1890 Only preserved M-K-T steam locomotive
1752 4-4-0 24" Portsmouth City RR Mideast Railroad, Carthage, NC operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #33324, 1963 named Pokey Smokey, from Portsmouth, VA
684 C-1 4-4-0 4'-8½" NP Bonanzaville, West Fargo, ND display New York Locomotive Works #39, 1883
119 4-4-0 30" UP Henry Doorly Zoo, Omaha, NE operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1968 Built to resemble UP 119
3L 4-4-0T 36" Cavan Leitrim NJ Museum of Transportation, Farmingdale, NJ restoration Robert Stephenson & Co. #2614, 1887 Named Lady Edith
4-4-0 15" NJ Museum of Transportation, Farmingdale, NJ display Cagney, 1923 from a NJ beachfront amusement park
22 4-4-0 4'-8½" V&T Nevada State Railroad Museum, Carson City, NV operational Baldwin #3693, 1875 Named Inyo, featured in Wild Wild West and many movies
8 4-4-0 4'-8½" D&R Nevada State Railroad Museum, Carson City, NV stored Cooke L&M Works #1861, 1888 From Virginia City, NV, Jamestown, CA, Sacramento
4 (5) 4-4-0 ng E&P Dan Markoff, Las Vegas, NV operational Baldwin (Burnham) #3763, 1875 Named Eureka
7 4-4-0 ng Ramada Express Hotel & Casino, Laughlin, NV stored operational Custom Fabricators Built as a 2-4-0 for a Sea World theme park. Donated to Las Vegas Railroad Society.
18 4-4-0 4'-8½" V&T Comstock Heritage Museum, Virginia City, NV display CP (Sacramento) #6, 1873 Named Dayton, from the Nevada State Railroad Museum
4-4-0 24" Rotunda Grapevine Railroad Farm, Fredonia, NY unknown Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
4-4-0 15" Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum, North Tonawanda, NY operational Armitage-Herschell #0001, 1896
4-4-0 Cincinnati, OH buried
19 4-4-0 36" Kings Island, Cincinnati, OH operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1972 named Lew Brown
12 4-4-0 36" Kings Island, Cincinnati, OH operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1972 named Kenny Van Meter
4-4-0 4'-8½" B&O barn, Circleville, OH stored this may be a duplicate of the locomotive stored in Groveport
552 4-4-0 36" Dry Gulch USA, Adair, OK operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974 from Kings Dominion, VA
628 4-4-0 4'-8½" CRI&P Cimarron River between Dover and Kingfisher, Dover, OK sunk Sank on Sep 18, 1906
1 8ton 4-4-0 30" PZRY Washington Park & Zoo RY, Portland, OR operational
S-16 4-4-0 ng Knoebels Amusement Resort, Elysburg, PA operational Armitage-Herschell
4-4-0 24" City Island Railroad, Harrisburg, PA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
1907 4-4-0 24" Dry Gulch RR Hershey Park, Hershey, PA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Skooter
1875 4-4-0 24" Dry Gulch RR Hershey Park, Hershey, PA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Janelle
17 4-4-0 4'-8½" Northern Central Steam Into History, New Freedom, PA operational Kloke Locomotive Works #2, 2013 Named York
3 4-4-0 4'-8½" Phil&Rdg Franklin Institute Science Museum, Philadelphia, PA display Eastwick & Harrison #67, 1842
20 4-4-0 15" Laural Run RR Laural Run Railroad, Reading, PA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
1223 D16sb 4-4-0 4'-8½" PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PA display PRR (Juniata) #1399, 1905 Featured in 'Hello Dolly', operated until 1989
4-4-0 Strasburg Railroad, Strasburg, PA operational Cagney, 1920
4-4-0 ng Bland's Park (display), Tipton, PA display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
4-4-0 ng Carowinds Park, Fort Mill, SC display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Duplication of the Crown in Huntsville? converted to gasoline?
349 4-4-0 4'-8½" Central of GA TVRM Grand Junction Station, Chattanooga, TN display Baldwin (Burnham) #11994, 1891
60 (260) 8-30C 4-4-0 4'-8½" SA&AP (T&NO) Three Rivers Rambler, Knoxville, TN stored Baldwin #55390, 1922 From Stone Mountain, GA
3 4-4-0 15" W&ARR Ooltewah, TN private restoration Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named LiL General. From the upper mid-west.
1 4-4-0 36" El Paso Connection, El Paso, TX display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #33136, 1963 from Legend City Amusement Park, Phoenix then Magic Landing Theme Park, El Paso
1 (111) 4-4-0 4'-8½" EP&SW (CM&StP) Union Plaza Transit Terminal, El Paso, TX display Breese, Kneeland & Co. #73, 1857 Cosmetically restored in the 2000s
642 4-4-0 4'-8½" T&P Village Creek, Handley, TX sunk
25 4-4-0 24" Reynolds Brothers Sugar Bucher Estate, Hempstead, TX private W. Bagnall #2522, 1935 Named Simpola
7 4-4-0 36" Historic Jefferson Railway, Jefferson, TX operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1964 from Six Gun Territory, Silver Springs
1 4-4-0 24" Lagoon Amusement Park, Farmington, UT operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
126 4-4-0 24" Lagoon Amusement Park, Farmington, UT operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
3 4-4-0 24" Carson City & Mills Park Shortline Railroad Park & Museum, Farmington, UT display Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) for sale
119 4-4-0 4'-8½" UP Promontory Summit, UT out of service Chadwell O'Connor, 1980 replica, 1,472 day rebuild
60 4-4-0 4'-8½" Central Pacific Promontory Summit, UT operational Chadwell O'Connor, 1980 Named Jupiter, replica
66 4-4-0 4'-8½" Natural Tunnel (Rim Rock) Natural Tunnel State Park, Duffield, VA display Barnett Enterprises (Norton), 1967 Built as 2-4-0 diesel powered tender
231 A-5 4-4-0 4'-8½" C&O inside collapsed Church Hill Tunnel, Richmond, VA buried Baldwin, 1903
4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974 Named Der Hochbeinige
4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974 Named Balmoral Castle
17 4-4-0 36" Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1972 Named Alpengeist Express, from Lakeside Park, Salem, VA
494 4-4-0 4'-8½" B&M New England Transportation Institute and Museum, White River Junction, VT display ALCO (Manchester) #1546, 1892
1 4-4-0 24" Tolt River Railroad Remlinger Farms, Carnation, WA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Hank
7 4-4-0 24" Tolt River Railroad Remlinger Farms, Carnation, WA operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1964 from Idlewild Park, Ligonier, PA
19 4-4-0 16" CVRR Chippewa Valley Railroad, Eau Claire, WI operational Atlantic-Pacific Steam Locomotive Workds (Galva, IL), 1920s
16 4-4-0 16" CVRR Chippewa Valley Railroad, Eau Claire, WI operational Crown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1959 From Lee Merrick
98 4-4-0 15" Sandly Light R (Hoot Toot & Whistle) Riverside & Great Northern RY, Wisconsin Dells, WI operational Norman Sandley, 1952 From Bartlett, IL then Old Wakarusa RR, Wakarusa, IN
82 4-4-0 15" R&GN Riverside & Great Northern RY, Wisconsin Dells, WI operational Sandley (Janesville), 1957 Named L W Neiman
4 D 4-4-0 15" Como Hot Spring Wasatch Railroad Contractors, Cheyenne, WY restoration, private Cagney, 1904 from Morgan, UT, later Murray and Heber City

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