4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

In 1887 the New York, Providence & Boston added a trailing axle to a 4-4-0 in order to spread its weight over more axles. That same year Hinkley built an experimental center-cab 4-4-2. The AT&SF bought a similar experimental locomotive.

The ACL (Atlantic Coast Line) was interested in a locomotive with more steaming capacity than their 4-4-0s. In 1894 Baldwin designed a conventional 4-4-2 locomotive for the ACL and named it after them. Other railroads bought and called these locomotives "Atlantics". However, the Brooks Locomotive Company gave the name "Chautauqua" to this wheel arrangement. Also, Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific (The Milwaukee Road) used the name "Milwaukee" for this wheel arrangement.

With 178, the AT&SF owned the most of this wheel arrangement. However, the 4-4-2 was probably made most famous by the Milwaukee Road when they built four very large streamlined versions of this locomotive to pull the Hiawatha. These locomotives were the first built streamlined and were designed to cruise at 100 mph.


USA and Canadian Railroads that used 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

Mexican, Central American, and Caribbean Railroads that used 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

Surviving Examples of 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InformationNotes
3025A-34-4-24'-8½"SP Travel Town Museum, Los Angeles, CAdisplayALCO (Schenectady) #30005, 1904
4-4-215"American Heritage Railroad, Greenville, ILrestorationWagner, 1926
592P-6s / A-284-4-2C4'-8½"CNJ B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDdisplayALCO (Brooks) #25997, 1902
4004-4-215" Buckley Old Engine Show, Buckley, MIoperationalLawrence WitherillFrom the Clinch Park Zoo, Traverse City.
45 (8085)I-80a4-4-24'-8½"DT&I (NYC) Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MIdisplayALCO (Schenectady) #25887, 03/1902Beautifully restored
76 (9)4-4-224"Frisco (Wayne County Board of Roads Commissio) Silver Dollar City, Branson, MOout of serviceDavenport #1900, 01/1922 Acquired from Alexandria Bay, NY in 1961 as SDCs first locomotive. Retired from operation by 1980.
1015D4-4-24'-8½"C&NW Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayALCO (Schenectady) #5613, 1900Possible candidate for cosmetic restoration
7002 (8063)E-7s4-4-24'-8½"PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PAdisplayPRR (Juniata) #929, 08/1902Operated at Strasburg until 1989
460E6s4-4-24'-8½"PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PArestorationPRR (Juniata) #2860, 1914
4-4-216"Whiskey RiverLittle A-Merrick-A Amusement Park, Marshall, WIoperationalNorm Gracey, 1969named Gracey
1916D4-4-215"Milwaukee County Zoo, Milwaukee, WIoperationalSandley (Janesville), 1961named Harry J. Grant
128D4-4-2T15"R&GN (C&NW)Wisconsin Dells, WIdismantledSandley (Janesville), 1948From the Knoxville Zoo. Possible restoration.
13084-4-2T4'-8½"New South Wales Gunknown, NBunknown

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