4-4-2 "Atlantic" Locomotives in the USA

In 1887 the New York, Providence & Boston added a trailing axle to a 4-4-0 in order to spread its weight over more axles. That same year Hinkley built an experimental center-cab 4-4-2. The AT&SF bought a similar experimental locomotive.

The ACL (Atlantic Coast Line) was interested in a locomotive with more steaming capacity than their 4-4-0s. In 1894 Baldwin designed a conventional 4-4-2 locomotive for the ACL and named it after them. Other railroads bought and called these locomotives "Atlantics". However, the Brooks Locomotive Company gave the name "Chautauqua" to this wheel arrangement. Also, Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific (The Milwaukee Road) used the name "Milwaukee" for this wheel arrangement.

With 178, the AT&SF owned the most of this wheel arrangement. However, the 4-4-2 was probably made most famous by the Milwaukee Road when they built four very large streamlined versions of this locomotive to pull the Hiawatha. These locomotives were the first built streamlined and were designed to cruise at 100 mph.

Railroads that used 4-4-2 "Atlantic" locomotives in USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)

Surviving Examples of 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Locomotives in the USA

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InfoNotes
3025A-34-4-24'-8½"SP Travel Town Museum, Los Angeles, CAdisplayALCO (Schenectady) #30005, 1904
72-4-4-24'-8½"Deep River Logging (Columbia River Belt Line)Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad, Willits, CArestorationBaldwin #33463, 1909Named Skookum. From Mineral, WA
4-4-215"American Heritage Railroad, Greenville, ILrestorationWagner, 1926
592P-6s / A-284-4-2C4'-8½"CNJ B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDdisplayALCO (Brooks) #25997, 1902
4004-4-215" Buckley Old Engine Show, Buckley, MIoperationalLawrence WitherillFrom the Clinch Park Zoo, Traverse City.
45 (8085)I-80a4-4-24'-8½"DT&I (NYC) Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MIdisplayALCO (Schenectady) #25887, 03/1902Beautifully restored
76 (9)4-4-224"Frisco (Wayne County Board of Roads Commissio) Silver Dollar City, Branson, MOout of serviceDavenport #1900, 01/1922 Acquired from Alexandria Bay, NY in 1961 as SDCs first locomotive. Retired from operation by 1980.
1015D4-4-24'-8½"C&NW Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOcosmetic restorationALCO (Schenectady) #5613, 1900To be cosmetically restored
460E6s4-4-24'-8½"PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PArestorationPRR (Juniata) #2860, 1914Named 'Lindbergh Engine'
7002 (8063)E-7s4-4-24'-8½"PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PAdisplayPRR (Juniata) #929, 08/1902At 127.1 MPH (June 11, 1905) the real 7002 was the fastest steam locomotive in the world. Operated at Strasburg until 1989.
4-4-216"Whiskey RiverLittle A-Merrick-A Amusement Park, Marshall, WIoperationalNorm Gracey, 1969named Gracey
1916D4-4-215"Milwaukee County Zoo, Milwaukee, WIoperationalSandley (Janesville), 1961named Harry J. Grant
128D4-4-2T15"R&GN (C&NW)Wisconsin Dells, WIdismantledSandley (Janesville), 1948From the Knoxville Zoo. Possible restoration.

Web Pages


If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.