4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

In 1887 the New York, Providence & Boston added a trailing axle to a 4-4-0 in order to spread its weight over more axles. That same year Hinkley built an experimental center-cab 4-4-2. The AT&SF bought a similar experimental locomotive.

The ACL (Atlantic Coast Line) was interested in a locomotive with more steaming capacity than their 4-4-0s. In 1894 Baldwin designed a conventional 4-4-2 locomotive for the ACL and named it after them. Other railroads bought and called these locomotives "Atlantics". However, the Brooks Locomotive Company gave the name "Chautauqua" to this wheel arrangement. Also, Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific (The Milwaukee Road) used the name "Milwaukee" for this wheel arrangement.

With 178, the AT&SF owned the most of this wheel arrangement. However, the 4-4-2 was probably made most famous by the Milwaukee Road when they built four very large streamlined versions of this locomotive to pull the Hiawatha. These locomotives were the first built streamlined and were designed to cruise at 100 mph.


USA and Canadian Railroads that used 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

Mexican, Central American, and Caribbean Railroads that used 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

Surviving Examples of 4-4-2 "Atlantic" Type Locomotives

No. Class F.M. Whyte Gauge Railroad Line Location Status Builder Information Notes
3025 A-3 4-4-2 4'-8½" SP Travel Town Museum, Los Angeles, CA display ALCO (Schenectady) #30005, 1904
4-4-2 15" American Heritage Railroad, Greenville, IL restoration Wagner, 1926
592 P-6s / A-28 4-4-2C 4'-8½" CNJ B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MD display ALCO (Brooks) #25997, 1902
400 4-4-2 15" Buckley Old Engine Show, Buckley, MI operational Lawrence Witherill From the Clinch Park Zoo, Traverse City.
45 (8085) I-80a 4-4-2 4'-8½" DT&I (NYC) Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MI display ALCO (Schenectady) #25887, 03/1902 Beautifully restored
76 (9) 4-4-2 24" Frisco (Wayne County Board of Roads Commissio) Silver Dollar City, Branson, MO out of service Davenport #1900, 01/1922 Acquired from Alexandria Bay, NY in 1961 as SDCs first locomotive. Retired from operation by 1980.
1015 D 4-4-2 4'-8½" C&NW Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO cosmetic restoration ALCO (Schenectady) #5613, 1900 To be cosmetically restored
7002 (8063) E-7s 4-4-2 4'-8½" PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PA display PRR (Juniata) #929, 08/1902 At 127.1 MPH (June 11, 1905) the real 7002 was the fastest steam locomotive in the world. Operated at Strasburg until 1989.
460 E6s 4-4-2 4'-8½" PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PA restoration PRR (Juniata) #2860, 1914 Named 'Lindbergh Engine'
4-4-2 16" Whiskey River Little A-Merrick-A Amusement Park, Marshall, WI operational Norm Gracey, 1969 named Gracey
1916 D 4-4-2 15" Milwaukee County Zoo, Milwaukee, WI operational Sandley (Janesville), 1961 named Harry J. Grant
128 D 4-4-2T 15" R&GN (C&NW) Wisconsin Dells, WI dismantled Sandley (Janesville), 1948 From the Knoxville Zoo. Possible restoration.
1308 4-4-2T 4'-8½" New South Wales G unknown, NB unknown

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