Batson & Hatten Lumber Company 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 12 (Locobase 15308)

Data from DeGolyer, Vol 73, pp. 213. See also Mississippi Rails' entry on the B&H at, last accessed 17 July 2013. Works number was 58101 in November 1924.

B&H was formed in May 1924 at Hillsdale, Pearl River County in Mississippi. Randolph Batson, N. P. Hatten and W. H. Hatten pooled their resources to buy Ingram-Day's sawmill and town at Lyman and operate the 16 mile (25.8 km) railroad.

Other than three-truck Shay #8 purchased from Lima in September 1925, the 12 was the only new locomotive the B&H would buy. Outside radial valve gear, 12" (305 mm) piston valves, driver diameter, combined with the locomotive's considerably larger size show that it was not a tram-road engine. Instead, the 12 spent its time hauling B&H logs on the Gulf & Ship Island's main line.

Even so, the specs required that the locomotive "be arranged, as far as practicable, to be readily changed to burn wood fuel, in case of necessity." To that end, a Rushton Improved cabbage stack, covered under Extra Order 11984-1924, was shipped with the 12.

B&H operated its sawmill only until May 1932 before it closed down, most likely in the face of the worst year of the Great Depression. Except for a brief period later in 1932, the company never reopened.

Locomotive rebuilder/reseller bought the 12 after the B&H's closure and found it a new home in 1935 as Woodward Iron Company's #38.

After almost three decades working for the WIC, the 38 was donated to the Heart of Dixie Railroad Club at Calera, Ala in December 1963.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID15308
RailroadBatson & Hatten Lumber Company
Number in Class1
Road Numbers12
Number Built1
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14.67'
Engine Wheelbase23.67'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.62
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)55.46'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers170000 lbs
Engine Weight187000 lbs
Tender Light Weight123800 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight310800 lbs
Tender Water Capacity6000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)71 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter50"
Boiler Pressure185 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)22" x 28"
Tractive Effort42621 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.99
Heating Ability
Firebox Area172 sq. ft
Grate Area46.20 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2631 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface2631 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume213.57
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation8547
Same as above plus superheater percentage8547
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area31820
Power L14369
Power MT226.63

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