The Danville & Western Railway was a shortline that connected Danville (actually Stokesland was the official start) to Stuart 70.4 miles away near the North Carolina border. A 7.6-mile branch from Leaksville Junction ran to Leaksville, NC. It was organized in 1891 and was built to the 3-foot gauge; all of the mileage had been converted to standard gauge by the early 20th Century.
From 1894, all of the D & W's shares were owned by the Southern. The D & W differed from Richmond & Danville, however, in that it wasn't fully integrated into the Southern System. Some critics alleged that its purchase was intended to prevent its extension into the coal fields already served by the Southern. Hearings in 1914 before the Senate Subcommittee on Naval Affairs concerning a resolution to prefer Charleston to Norfolk as a coal port featured such charges.
Its nicknames were the "Dick & Willie" and the "Delay & Wait".
This Consolidation's grate area was shown in the specs as 38.5 sq ft, which seems high when the firebox dimensions of 84.1" x 66" are considered. The 21 was no longer in service when the D & W was leased in July 1951 to the Carolina & Northwestern.
Locobase 12836 describes the Consolidation delivered to the D & W in 1905. The 1913 purchase ordered essentially the same engine, but with the valve gear changed to Walschaert outside radial motion.
This small Consolidation was part of a pair ordered by Girard Lumber Company for two of its logging roads. Wausaukee was about 60 miles northwest of Green Bay on the Milwaukee. The D & W mixed logging road with common carrier miles to serve a variety of customers. It covered 13.5 miles between Girard Junction and Dunbar on 56 lb/yard (28 kg/metre) rail.
Although the specifications don't say so directly, they suggest that the working steam pressure was 160 psi rather than the 180 psi given in that field.
The two remained in service with the D & W until the road was abandoned in 1918. The 6 was sold to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Birmingham Rail & Locomotive Co. BR & L passed the 6 along to the Ten-Mile Lumber Company, but that company returned the engine within a month and BR & L then sold it to J M Griffin of Blodgett, Miss.
|Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media|
|Railroad||Danville & Western||Danville & Western||Dunbar & Wausaukee|
|Number in Class||1||1||2|
|Builder||Burnham, Williams & Co||Baldwin||Burnham, Williams & Co|
|Locomotive Length and Weight|
|Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase||0.70||0.66||0.62|
|Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)||50.65'|
|Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)|
|Weight on Drivers||130000 lbs||136000 lbs||75000 lbs|
|Engine Weight||145000 lbs||150000 lbs||86000 lbs|
|Tender Light Weight||90000 lbs||100000 lbs||62000 lbs|
|Total Engine and Tender Weight||235000 lbs||250000 lbs||148000 lbs|
|Tender Water Capacity||4500 gals||5000 gals||3000 gals|
|Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)||10 tons||8 tons||tons|
|Minimum weight of rail (calculated)||54 lb/yard||57 lb/yard||31 lb/yard|
|Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort|
|Boiler Pressure||200 psi||200 psi||160 psi|
|Cylinders (dia x stroke)||20" x 26"||20" x 26"||16" x 20"|
|Tractive Effort||34667 lbs||34667 lbs||18324 lbs|
|Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort)||3.75||3.92||4.09|
|Firebox Area||126 sq. ft||126 sq. ft||95 sq. ft|
|Grate Area||38.50 sq. ft||38.50 sq. ft||18.50 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface||2315 sq. ft||2316 sq. ft||1044 sq. ft|
|Combined Heating Surface||2315 sq. ft||2316 sq. ft||1044 sq. ft|
|Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume||244.87||244.98||224.31|
|Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)|
|Robert LeMassena's Power Computation||7700||7700||2960|
|Same as above plus superheater percentage||7700||7700||2960|
|Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area||25200||25200||15200|