Calumet & Blue Island / Chicago, Lake Shore & Eastern / Elgin, Joliet & Eastern 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 40 (Locobase 7295)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection and DeGolyer, Volume 17, p. 223 and Volume 18, p. 117. Works numbers were 12503-12505, 12509 in February 1892; 13554-13555 in June 1893; 14384 in August 1895; 14486 in October 1895; and 14774-14775 in March 1896. See http://www.ejearchive.com/page_rrhistory.html for the history of the EJ&E and its constituents.

The first few engines of this class of Moguls had 215 tubes in the boiler. A note in the Baldwin specs directs the builder to omit eight tubes in the top [cads?] beginning with Baldwin #1459, works number 14384, road number 46. Another note dated 20 August 1895 says that the "grates were entirely reconstructed."

The railroad to which these Moguls were originally sold was part of an assembly of terminal and transfer roads associated with Illinois Steel Indeed its name survived as the lessor of 4 other lines: Illinois-based Chicago & Kenosha Railway Co, the Chicago & Southeastern Railway Co, and the Joliet & Blue Island Railway Co as well as Wisconsin-based Milwaukee, Bay View & Chicago Railroad.

Two years later the C&BL and all of the leased roads were rolled into a new corporate entity - the Chicago, Lake Shore & Eastern, which included new track of its own. At the time of their order in late 1895, the last two engines' tenders were lettered for the CLS&ES. In 1896, the Moguls received their 540-series numbers. The CLS&ES owned the locomotives and the numbers remained in that series until 1909 when the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern leased the railroad. (They wouldn't formally merge until 1938.) At that time, these 2-6-0s were renumbered 500-508.

Small as they were, the engines wouldn't remain in EJ & E service for long. Most were sold in the mid-teens to dealers like J T Gardner. 503 went on to the Ann Arbor as their 140. 504-505 and 509 were operated by the Nacional de Mexico as Class G-36a and G-36 (2090-2091) respectively until they were scrapped in June 1925 and December 1923.


Class 508 (Locobase 7870)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. works numbers were 14774-14775.

Compared to the first 8 Calumet Consolidations, this pair was bigger and more powerful; they were in fact 2 more of the same class that went to the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern in the same year (see Locobase 10791).

508 went to New Cornelia Copper Company in Arizona as their 106. 509 went to the Nacional de Mexico in 1917 (2092) respectively until it was retired in January 1925.


Class 510 (Locobase 10791)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 19, p. 152. Works numbers were 14096-14097, 14205 in January 1895 and 14942 in July 1895.

Identical to the two Calumet locomotives described in Locobase 7870, this quartet had quiet careers in which they served the EJ & E for 30 years before being scrapped. The figure given for the heating surface area in the EJ&E diagram describes a locomotive with 2" tubes, but the areas seem clearly to refer to a boiler with 2 1/4" tubes.


Class 518 (Locobase 7871)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 20069-20071 and 20100-20106 in February 1902.

After little more than 20 years' service, this class of Consolidations was dumped by the EJ & E in 1924-1926. Six were scrapped. The other four (518, 520, 523, and 527) were sold to the Chicago Attica & Southern in November 1924. The CA & S was the reincarnation of the Chicago & Indiana Coal Railway (which was sold off by a bankrupt Chicago & Eastern Illinois in 1913) that was organized in 1922 to serve western Indiana. 523 and 527 were scrapped in 1929, but apparently 518 and 520 lasted on the Dolly Varden Line until its closure in 1946.


Class 553 / A (Locobase 12683)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. For roster information, see "The EJ&E Photo Archive" database, specifically the roster pages http://eje.archive.com/page_steam_roster.html (accessed 23 Feb 2006, 5 June 2011).

This quartet constituted the first Consolidations on the CLS&E with 22"-diameter cylinders. Firebox heating surface shown in the specs includes 24 sq ft of arch tubes.

They were followed a year later by similar-size order from Alco's Pittsburgh Works of engines with shorter tubes; see Locobase 12684

All of these were rebuilt to 0-8-0s in 1929 and scrapped in 1941-1945.


Class 557 / A-1 (Locobase 12684)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. For roster information, see "The EJ&E Photo Archive" database, specifically the roster pages http://eje.archive.com/page_steam_roster.html (accessed 23 Feb 2006, 5 June 2011). Works numbers were 30047-30050 in September 1904.

After Baldwin delivered the four A class Consolidations (Locobase 12683), the CLS&E turned to Pittsburgh for 4 more engines with the same power dimensions, but 18" shorter tubes. In later years the firebox heating surface included 28 sq ft of arch tubes, which is reflected in the specification value.

The shorter tubes probably were not satisfactory, because the next, much bigger order for Consolidations also came from Pittsburgh (Locobase 7297) reverted to the 15 1/2-foot tubes of the original Baldwins.

All of these were rebuilt to 0-8-0s in 1929 and scrapped in 1941-1945.


Class A-2 - saturated (Locobase 7297)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. For roster information, see "The EJ&E Photo Archive" database, specifically the roster pages http://eje.archive.com/page_steam_roster.html (accessed 23 Feb 2006, 5 June 2011). 37521-37526 in August 1905; 42080-42083 in April 1907; 43049 in July; 44408-44415 in August 1907; 47753-47758 in June 1910; 48372-48386, 48575-48584 in August.

Four of this large class of Consolidations (road numbers 568-571)went straight to the EJ & E in 1905; their works numbers were: 38006-38009 in August.


Class A-2 - superheated (Locobase 7296)

See data from EJ&E 11 - 1938 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

This superheated set of Consolidations is the updated portion of a class that covered road numbers 549-602. The result was a pretty potent set of 2-8-0s. Even so, all of the A-2s were converted to 0-8-0s, most of them in the late 1920s and early 1930s.


Class B (Locobase 10793)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. works numbers were 2896-2897 in 1899.

Richmond didn't supply many locomotives to the EJ&E. This pair of Consolidations were only slightly different from the Baldwins delivered at around the same time and they had about the same lifetime. 517 was scrapped in September 1925 and 516 followed almost 4 years later in June 1929.


Class B-2 (Locobase 7872)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. Works numbers were 42075-42079 in April 1907 and 43050-43054 in uly.

These were very similar to the Baldwins the EJ & E had purchased a year or two earlier (see Locobase 7871). But the boiler held more, smaller-diameter tubes which resulted in a higher total evaporative heating surface area.

Like many of the earlier EJ & E 2-8-0s, these were converted to 0-8-0 switchers in 1925 and 1929. For some reason, the class leader 528 wasn't rebuilt until March 1939.


Class C - new boiler (Locobase 16203)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection.

The original locomotive pair delivered in 1898 (see Locobase 10792) had a boiler with fewer tubes of 2 1/4" (57 mm) . Its firebox measured 125 7/8" x 41" (3,198 mm x 1,041 mm) long x wide and was 67 1/2" (1,715 mm) at the front and 64 1/4" (1,632 mm) at the back.

The new boiler featured smaller-diameter tubes in enough number to increase its tube heating surface area by 109 sq ft (10.13 sq m). A new firebox was 5" (127 mm) shorter, 1/2" (12.7 mm) deeper at the front, and 3/4" (19 mm) deeper at the back.

515 was scrapped in November 1924, 514 in May 1926.


Class C - original (Locobase 10792)

See data from EJ&E 1924 Locomotive Data supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Raildata collection. See also DeGolyer, Volume 21, p. 224; and "Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Baldwin Consolidated Engine," Locomotive Engineering, Volume 12, No. 2 (February 1899), p. 100. Works numbers were 16099-16100 in July 1898.

This pair inched closer to the definitive Consolidation design for the EJ & E. Compared to the earlier 2-8-0, the engines had 1"-larger cylinders, but retained the 26" stroke. LE's report described the 52 as "a very powerful and well designed heavy locomotive without any peculiarities which enginemen denominate as frills."

A 2 September 1898 letter from the Chicago Outer Belt Line's R H Soute stated that the "engineer's brake valves was awkwardly placed. They were on a fore-and-aft line just back of boiler head. They ought to have been located with the centerline crosswise of the engineer."

Later in its career, the railroad replaced the boiler with a vessel carrying more tubes of smaller diameter and a shorter firebox; see Locobase 16203.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class40508510518553 / A
Locobase ID7295 7870 10791 7871 12683
RailroadCalumet & Blue Island (EJ&E)Calumet & Blue Island (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Chicago, Lake Shore & Eastern (EJ&E)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-0
Number in Class1024104
Road Numbers40-49/500-509508-509510-51381-90 / 518-527553-556 / 541-544
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built1024104
BuilderBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & CoBurnham, Williams & Co
Year18921894189419021903
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase14'13.92'13.08'15.50'15.50'
Engine Wheelbase21.42'22.42'22.33'23.17'23.08'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.65 0.62 0.59 0.67 0.67
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)50.25'52.17'52.17'59.17'52.91'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)40900 lbs46900 lbs
Weight on Drivers109100 lbs127000 lbs127000 lbs151000 lbs150000 lbs
Engine Weight124500 lbs142000 lbs142000 lbs165400 lbs188000 lbs
Tender Light Weight76400 lbs120170 lbs120170 lbs132940 lbs130950 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight200900 lbs262170 lbs262170 lbs298340 lbs318950 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4000 gals6500 gals6500 gals7000 gals7000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons14 tons14 tons14 tons9.5 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)45 lb/yard53 lb/yard53 lb/yard63 lb/yard63 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter51"51"50"51"51"
Boiler Pressure160 psi175 psi175 psi200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 24"20" x 26"20" x 26"21" x 28"22" x 28"
Tractive Effort25600 lbs30333 lbs30940 lbs41160 lbs45173 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.26 4.19 4.10 3.67 3.32
Heating Ability
Firebox Area144 sq. ft156 sq. ft156 sq. ft177 sq. ft181 sq. ft
Grate Area24 sq. ft31.30 sq. ft31.30 sq. ft34.16 sq. ft48 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface1780 sq. ft1925 sq. ft1925 sq. ft2327 sq. ft3163 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface1780 sq. ft1925 sq. ft1925 sq. ft2327 sq. ft3163 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume203.97203.62203.62207.31256.76
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation38405478547868329600
Same as above plus superheater percentage38405478547868329600
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2304027300273003540036200
Power L138964256417348655614
Power MT314.91295.52289.76284.12330.05

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class557 / A-1A-2 - saturatedA-2 - superheatedBB-2
Locobase ID12684 7297 7296 10793 7872
RailroadChicago, Lake Shore & Eastern (EJ&E)Chicago, Lake Shore & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-0
Number in Class45323210
Road Numbers557-560 / 545-548549-601552+54-55/ 79-80 / 516-517528-537
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built453210
BuilderAlco-PittsburghAlco-PittsburghshopsRichmondAlco-Pittsburgh
Year19041905191818991907
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase15.50'15.50'15.50'15.50'15.50'
Engine Wheelbase23.08'23.08'23.08'23.17'23.17'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.67
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)52.91'52.91'52.91'53.17'54.50'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)44700 lbs46350 lbs46950 lbs43700 lbs
Weight on Drivers165000 lbs172600 lbs177350 lbs154000 lbs161300 lbs
Engine Weight184000 lbs187900 lbs196600 lbs167700 lbs179200 lbs
Tender Light Weight137190 lbs130950 lbs130950 lbs132940 lbs139050 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight321190 lbs318850 lbs327550 lbs300640 lbs318250 lbs
Tender Water Capacity7000 gals7000 gals7000 gals7000 gals7000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)9.5 tons9.5 tons9.5 tons14 tons14 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)69 lb/yard72 lb/yard74 lb/yard64 lb/yard67 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter51"51"51"51"51"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)22" x 28"22" x 28"22" x 28"21" x 28"21" x 28"
Tractive Effort45173 lbs45173 lbs45173 lbs41160 lbs41160 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.65 3.82 3.93 3.74 3.92
Heating Ability
Firebox Area196.50 sq. ft190.70 sq. ft190.70 sq. ft180.50 sq. ft172 sq. ft
Grate Area48 sq. ft48 sq. ft48 sq. ft34.16 sq. ft34.16 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2907 sq. ft3173 sq. ft2519 sq. ft2330 sq. ft2455 sq. ft
Superheating Surface608 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface2907 sq. ft3173 sq. ft3127 sq. ft2330 sq. ft2455 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume235.97257.57204.48207.58218.72
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation96009600960068326832
Same as above plus superheater percentage960096001142468326832
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area3930038140453873610034400
Power L1536756941234348965021
Power MT286.84290.92613.74280.36274.50

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
ClassC - new boilerC - original
Locobase ID16203 10792
RailroadElgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)Elgin, Joliet & Eastern (EJ&E)
CountryUSAUSA
Whyte2-8-02-8-0
Number in Class22
Road Numbers514-51552-53/77-78/514-515
GaugeStdStd
Number Built2
BuilderEJ&EBurnham, Williams & Co
Year1898
Valve GearStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase15.50'15.50'
Engine Wheelbase23.08'23.08'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.67 0.67
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)53.17'53.17'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)37700 lbs
Weight on Drivers146500 lbs147000 lbs
Engine Weight160000 lbs160000 lbs
Tender Light Weight145000 lbs145000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight305000 lbs305000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity6500 gals4500 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)13.5 tons tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)61 lb/yard61 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter51"51"
Boiler Pressure200 psi200 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)21" x 26"21" x 26"
Tractive Effort38220 lbs38220 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.83 3.85
Heating Ability
Firebox Area166.50 sq. ft188 sq. ft
Grate Area34.10 sq. ft35.80 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2448 sq. ft2337 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface2448 sq. ft2337 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume234.87224.22
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation68207160
Same as above plus superheater percentage68207160
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area3330037600
Power L153515345
Power MT322.10320.64

Reference


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