Escanaba & Lake Superior 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives of the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 6 (Locobase 14117)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Volume 43, p.202. Baldwin works number was 38845 in November 1912.

This Consolidation had the same number of axles as the Ten-wheelers 11 and 12 shown in Locobase 12836. The Baldwin specs say that the "minor details" were to be the same as on engine 12 and parts should be interchangeable "where appropriate with either engine. Despite the family resemblance, the 6 was its own class of locomotive in having a bigger boiler and firebox, smaller drivers, almost 13 short tons more adhesion weight, and more cylinder volume.

It served this Copper Country railroad for more than 30 years before being retired and scrapped in March 1947.

Class 8 (Locobase 12722)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 27, p. 139. William Duchaine, "History of Escanaba & Lake Superior Railroad," originally published 27 December 1950 in the Escanaba Daily Press, archived at, last accessed 1 February 2012, and, which describes the ghost town that Pakesly became. Works numbers were 24783 in October 1904, 24841 in November, and 31624 in August 1907.

The E&LS was chartered on 17 November 1898 to provide a railroad alternative to the log-rafting that had characterized the movements of the I Stephenson Lumber Company. Its first section covered 7 miles from Wells out to LaFave's Hill. Over the years, according to Duchaine, "Branch lines were built by the E&LS, to get out the remote timber stands, the Ralph, Turner, Mashek, Northland, Ford River and Hendricks branches, with total trackage of more than 100 miles." Eventually the 63-mile-long spine of the E&LS connected Wells on Lake Michigan with Channing.

The most prolific year over the decades was 1912, when the cut totalled 116 million feet (21,970 statute miles/35,371 km) of timber.

Reasonably powerful Consolidations for a Michigan short line. 9 had a short career before being sold in April 1922 to the Key Valley Railway on the north shore of Ontario's Georgian Bay as their 6. The KVR linked the big lumber mill at Lost Channel over 12 miles (19.3 km) of standard gauge westbound to Pakesly, which was about 60 miles (96 km) south of Sudbury on the Canadian Pacific's north-south Bolton-Sudbury line. When the area around Lost Channel had been logged out, the mill's owner Schroeder, Mills & Timber Co. sold the Lost Channel mill to James Playfair & Co. of Midland. Playfair suffered a big blow when a 1928 fire burned down the mill and the roundhouse. Two of the locomotives were destroyed, one of which was the 6.

10 was sold in August 1922 to Von Platen Fox Lumber Company. 8 remained with the E & LS for another 7 years before being sold in August 19029 to the Soo Cadillac Lumber company.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Locobase ID14117 12722
RailroadEscanaba & Lake SuperiorEscanaba & Lake Superior
Number in Class13
Road Numbers68-10
Number Built13
BuilderBaldwinBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase15.25'12.17'
Engine Wheelbase23.25'19.67'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.66 0.62
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender)52.46'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle)
Weight on Drivers132000 lbs100000 lbs
Engine Weight149000 lbs114000 lbs
Tender Light Weight90000 lbs80000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight239000 lbs194000 lbs
Tender Water Capacity4500 gals4000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal)10 tons tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated)55 lb/yard42 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter56"44"
Boiler Pressure200 psi145 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke)20" x 26"18" x 22"
Tractive Effort31571 lbs19967 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.18 5.01
Heating Ability
Firebox Area126 sq. ft130.10 sq. ft
Grate Area35.10 sq. ft22.20 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface2315 sq. ft1378 sq. ft
Superheating Surface
Combined Heating Surface2315 sq. ft1378 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume244.87212.67
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation70203219
Same as above plus superheater percentage70203219
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area2520018865
Power L158153329
Power MT388.48293.57

If you have any railroad data such as diagram books, rail station plans or anything else that you would be willing to share, please contact us.