Morgantown & Wheeling 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives of the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 100 (Locobase 14960)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 65, pp. 228+. Baldwin works number was 54654 in March 1921.

This coal-carrying short line was originally chartered as the Morgantown & Dunkard, but was renamed in 1912. It was controlled by Peoples Natural Gas Company in 1917 when it received the Blacksville & Western (a Penna. road connecting Blacksville and Brave) in January 1917. In August 1917, the B&W conveyed all of its railroad and all of the stock of the Monogahela & Ohio (incorporated 1912) to the PNGC's M&W.

The M&W actually opened its own road in November 1917 when it inaugurated service between Price and Pentress, WVa (3.2 miles/5.1 km apart).

PNGC ordered the 100 as a freight Consolidation to run on 70 lb/yard (35 kg/metre) rail, conquer 3 1/2% grades and get around 16 degree curves. Although it was a relatively small

locomotive, the 100 enjoyed a good degree of superheat and supplied that hot stuff to the cylinders through 10" (254 mm) piston valves. "Boiler work," said the specs, was "to receive particular attention." A nod to the grades came with "Fire box to slope towards front of engine".

Never quite out of receivership, the M&W stockholders lodged a complaint in 1922 that claimed that PGNC never actually issued the M&O certificates. They were resisting liquidation at the time on the grounds that though it was insolvent when they entered receivership, the M&W now could lay claim to the potentially lucrative Scott's Run coal field.

Indeed, in October 1922, the New York Times reported on the M&W's application for a certificate to build a 14-mile section between Waynesburg, Pa and Blacksville on the West Virginia border. This was part of an interurban line that would connect Morgantown with Waynesburg.

Meanwhile, the M&W was reorganized in 1923 as the Scotts Run Railroad. The 100 changed liveries again in 1928 when the SRRR was absorbed by the Monongahela. It served the MR through most of World War Two in class H-5 before being sold in December 1944 to Standard Slag Company.

, which put the money for the 100.

Specifications by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media
Class100
Locobase ID14,960
RailroadMorgantown & Wheeling
CountryUSA
Whyte2-8-0
Number in Class2
Road Numbers100
GaugeStd
Number Built2
BuilderBaldwin
Year1921
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft)14
Engine Wheelbase (ft)22
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.64
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft)49.96
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs)
Weight on Drivers (lbs)143,000
Engine Weight (lbs)160,000
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs)80,000
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs)240,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals)3800
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons)6
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd)60
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in)50
Boiler Pressure (psi)190
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in)21" x 26"
Tractive Effort (lbs)37,035
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 3.86
Heating Ability
Firebox Area (sq ft)120
Grate Area (sq ft)35.10
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft)1652
Superheating Surface (sq ft)382
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft)2034
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume158.50
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation6669
Same as above plus superheater percentage7936
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area27,132
Power L18644
Power MT533.06


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