2-10-0 "Decapod" Locomotives in the USA

The first 2-10-0 example used in the USA were built in 1867 for the Lehigh Valley Railroad. The next big increase in number of this wheel arrangement occurred when 1200 were ordered by Imperial Russia. However, before they could all be built and delivered the Bolshevik revolution occurred leaving more than 200 2-10-0 locomotives unclaimed in the USA. These were modified to USA standards and used by several railroads in the USA.

The Pennsylvania Railroad ended up using the greatest number (598) of 2-10-0 locomotives. They were quite successfully used on the PRR Allegheny Mountain routes.

Because of the lack of a rear truck, the 2-10-0 wheel arrangement meant that the firebox be place between the drives making it very narrow or on top of the drivers making it very high and shallow also limiting the driver diameter. As a result, these locomotives could only be used for slow drag service.

Railroads that used 2-10-0 "Decapod" locomotives in the USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)

Surviving Examples of 2-10-0 "Decapod" Locomotives in the USA

No. Class F.M. Whyte Gauge Railroad Line Location Status Builder Info Notes
203 (402) D-2 2-10-0 4'-8½" GM (AT&N) Southeastern Railway Museum, Duluth, GA display Baldwin
209 (533) D-2 2-10-0 4'-8½" GM (SAL) W Academy St, Gainesville, GA display Baldwin #61233, 1930
208 (530) D-2 2-10-0 4'-8½" GM (SAL) Winder Chamber of Commerce, Winder, GA display
1630 Russian 2-10-0 4'-8½" SLSF Illinois Railway Museum, Union, IL operational Baldwin #47953, 1918
1632 Russian 2-10-0 4'-8½" SLSF (SR) Belton Grandview & Kansas City Railroad, Belton, MO cosmetic restoration Baldwin #48522, 1918
1621 Russian 2-10-0 4'-8½" SLSF Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MO display Baldwin #48420, 1918
544 (206) Russian 2-10-0 4'-8½" SAL (GM) North Carolina Transportation Museum, Spencer, NC display ALCO (Brooks) #58902, 1918
4483 I1sa 2-10-0 4'-8½" PRR Western NY Railway Hist Soc, Hamburg, NY display Baldwin #56534, 1923 Restoration candidate with the proper funding. May be moved to the Heritage Discovery Center.
1615 Russian 2-10-0 4'-8½" SLSF Missile Park, Altus, OK display Baldwin #58829, 1917
90 BLWl 2-10-0 4'-8½" GWR Strasburg Railroad, Strasburg, PA operational Baldwin #57812, 1924 Temporarily out of service for wheel work. Should be back in operation in Nov, 2015
1625 Russian 2-10-0 4'-8½" SLSF Museum of the American Railroad, Frisco, TX display ALCO (Schenectady) #58903, 1918
950 (113) G 2-10-0 4'-8½" MSP&SSM (Buffalo & Susquehanna) Across from depot, Ashland, WI display Baldwin #17914, 1900
41 (401) BLWl 2-10-0 4'-8½" Woodward Iron (AT&N) Mid-Continent Railway Museum, North Freedom, WI display Baldwin #60341, 1928 Going to Age of Steam Roundhouse, Sugarcreek, OH

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