Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania
The Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania is located in eastern Pennsylvania in
the town of Strasburg. The museum was opened in 1975. The museum has on
display a large and significant collection of Pennsylvania-related motive
power and rolling stock spanning the years 1825 to the present.
Public areas in the Museum include a two story building (with a large
"Rolling Stock Hall") and an outdoor area (complete with a turntable).
The Rolling Stock Hall houses much of the older (and smaller) display
pieces. Surprisingly, until a few years before I visited (in 1993),
the outdoor area, which contained all of the large steam locomotives, was
closed to the public! A new wing was added to the building around 1995.
Now much of the collection is indoors. Many of the photos shown below
are from my visit to the museum in 1993.
For more information, please visit the official Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania web
Pennsylvania Railroad Steam Locomotives
Class D16sb 4-4-0 #1223
1223 was restored to operating condition in 1965 and operated on the
Strasburg Railroad with 7002 as late as 1989.
Class E6s 4-4-2 #460
460 was built in 1914. It represents the epitome of E class Atlantics of
the PRR. 460 is called "The Lindbergh Engine". In recognition of the
first person to fly non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to
Paris, President Calvin Coolidge bestowed the rank of Colonel upon Charles
A. Lindbergh. Two rival newsreel companies vied to be the first to show
their movies of the Washington Lindbergh ceremonies in the theatres of
New York, one hiring an airplane, the other a train on June 11, 1927.
When the train pulled from the Washington Union Station at 4:14 PM, no
one realized a record breaking time would be made, covering 223 miles in
3 hours and 8 minutes between Washington and New York. This train also
included a mobile darkroom so that the film could be developed en route.
This way, the film was ready to roll the second 460 pulled into Penn Station.
460 spent its last years on the PA-Reading Seashore lines. Since this photo
was taken, #460 has been moved into the new building addition.
Class E7s 4-4-2 #7002
This locomotive began life as PRR 8063. It was renumbered "7002" by the PRR
for the 1949 World's Fair because the real 7002 had already been scrapped.
Why was the locomotive number 7002 so important? The real 7002 was the
(unofficial) world steam speed record holder (127.1 MPH). This unofficial
record was set back in 1905. "7002" operated for some time on the Strasburg
Railroad (as late as 1989), often double heading with 1223.
Class A5s 0-4-0 #94
Class B6sb 0-6-0 #1670
Class G5s 4-6-0 #5741
Class K4s 4-6-2 #3750
The K4s was probably the most popular and best known of all PRR steam
locomotives. At top speeds of 75 mph, the K4s were the principal
haulers of the Pennsy's main line passenger trains. The key to success
of the K4s was its uncanny ability to keep pace with more modern steam
power employed by competing railroads. Today, 3750 is one of only two of the famous class
to be preserved. Since this photo was taken, #3750 has been moved into
the new building addition.
Class H10s 2-8-0 #7688
Class L1s 2-8-2 #520
This view clearly shows the typical bellpaire firebox of the PRR. The PRR
and the GN were the only two US railroads which widely used this design.
520 was built in 1916 for the PRR to replace older 2-8-0s in freight service.
The L1s were the freight hauling counterparts of the famous K4s Pacifics.
520 was retired in 1957.
Class M1b 4-8-2 #6755
This magnificent dual service locomotive was built by the PRR at Altoona
in 1930. After retirement it was stored outside at the Northumberland,
PA roundhouse for some time before coming to the museum. The M1 class
was considered by many to be the best steam locomotive the PRR ever owned.
The M1 proved to be the most valuable on the railroad's mountainous Middle &
Pittsburgh Divisions. Behind the locomotive is a "Coast-to-Coast" tender
designed for extra capacity to allow long distance service. The tender
holds 31½ tons of coal and carries 22,090 gallons of water. In 2002
when 6755 was moved from its location near the rear of the museum to its
new position in front of the museum, the museum was extremly cautious.
This was because it had sat in one place for such a long time that the
ties below it had rotted. However, its relocation to the first track
inside the fence along Rte 741 occurred without incident.
Non-Pennsylvania Railroad Steam Locomotives
Leetonia Railroad Class C 3-truck Shay #1
Reading Class A4B 0-4-0 Camelback #1187
This is one of only 3
surviving camelback steam locomotives. As you can see, in 1993 it
was displayed on the turntable in the center of many other locomotives.
The turntable is electrically driven and was manufactured by the
American Bridge Co. and installed at the Cressona, PA enginehouse of
the Reading RR. It was moved to Bridgeport, PA in 1946 to accommodate
Reading T-1 steam
locomotives. It was later shipped to the Museum on three flat cars,
where it was installed in operating condition.
In 2004 it was announced that 1187 would be restored to operating condition.
This will make it the only operating camelback locomotive in the USA.
Pennsylvania Power & Light Fireless 0-8-0 #4094
4094 is an 0-8-0 fireless locomotive once owned by the Pennsylvania Power &
Light Company. She is the only streamlined fireless steam locomotive I
PPL 4094 (1993 Wes Barris photo)
PPL 4094 (1998 Photo courtesy Richard Duley)
PPL 4094 (1998 Photo courtesy Richard Duley)
PPL 4094 (Photo courtesy Hank Eisenstein)
New York, Chicago & St. Louis Class S 2-8-4 #757
757 is one of six
surviving New York, Chicago, & St. Louis Berkshires (2-8-4).