Hillcrest Collieries Limited 0-4-0 Locomotives in Canada

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 4 (Locobase 16459)

Data from "History of the Vulcan" on the Western Development Museum (Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada) website at [], last accessed 12 December 2019. Works numbers were 2184 in June 1914 and 2265 in January 1915.

Based on Vulcan's 65 cm Class 7-3-B four-coupled saddle tank, this pair of industrial engines were regauged to 3-foot (914 mm) width. They worked in HC Limited collieries based in Crowsnest Pass in western Alberta. Both later went to Alsask (located on the Alberta-Saskatchewan border) to haul hopper cars full of sodium sulphate to the National Sodium's Saskatchewan Minerals dehydration plant.

Of the two, Locobase can only reconstruct the full history of the 5. After its years of service in two different locations (the second being Bishropric), the 5 was donated by the owner to the Western Development Museum in 1958.

It soon became a favorite attraction on a 1/4 mile (0.4 km) short line at the WDM. Biting a bullet in 2009, the WDM contracted with Saskatoon Boiler build a new vessel. The WDM account adds: "Curatorial Centre staff and volunteers have rebuilt the Vulcan, restoring the mechanical components to top notch shape, repairing the cab, painting, installing and fitting the boiler to the running gear, installing the pressure piping, and dozens of other details. Today, the Vulcan looks like new."

In 2018, K+S [chemical symbols for potassium and sulphur, respectively] Potash Canada and the WDM concluded a sponsorship agreement that included renaming the short line the K+S Potash Canada Short Line Short Line. K+S financed the rebuilding of the short line. WDM also announced that it would create an education program to train certified operators and crew volunteers, and offer free day passes to families staying at the Dr. F.H. Wigmore Hospital. In 2019, the 101's bell, which had been stolen in April 2018, was returned by a "good samaritan" who was quoted as saying: "As soon as I saw the bell, I knew what it was. I felt it had to be returned".

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Middle Run Media

Locobase ID16459
RailroadHillcrest Collieries Limited
Number in Class2
Road Numbers4-5
Number Built2
BuilderVulcan Iron Works
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)4 / 1.22
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)4 / 1.22
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase1
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)4 / 1.22
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)22,000 / 9979
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)22,000 / 9979
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)22,000
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)400 / 1.52
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)18 / 9
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)24 / 610
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)200 / 13.80
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)8" x 12" / 203x305
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)5440 / 2467.55
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.04
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)46 - 1.75" / 44
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m) 7.21 / 2.20
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)23 / 2.14
Grate Area (sq ft / m2) 5.42 / 0.50
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)175 / 16.26
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)175 / 16.26
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume250
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1084
Same as above plus superheater percentage1084
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area4600
Power L13314
Power MT664.19

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