Central Pilar / Central Portugalete / Central Preston / Central Progreso / Central Providencia 2-8-0 Locomotives in Cuba


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 15 (Locobase 15057)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University Vol 66, p. 19. Works numbers were 52724-52725 in December 1919 and 54247-54249 in January 1921.

Superheated sugar Consolidations couldn't use slide valves, so these locomotives used 8" (203 mm) piston valves. They were sent to United Fruit's sugar central in Cuba's Oriente Province near Mayarf. The latter three were slightly heavier, weighing 90,500 lb (41,050 kg) on drivers and 101,500 lb (46,040 kg) overall.

When the 1959 Revolucion led to the expropriation of private property, the CP were renamed for Guatemala. 18 had been sold to Central Sofia, which was renamed for Ranulfo Leyva. The 18 was renumbered 1575.


Class 6 (Locobase 14848)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 64, p. 101. Works number was 53402 in July 1920.

Diminuitive as the Central Providencia's railway might have been, demands for more sugar apparently pushed cane harvest and transport to a point where more tractive was called for. This oil-burning plantation Consolidation had one more axle than theAzucarera de Guines Central Providencia's earlier Moguls, smaller drivers, and a slightly higher boiler pressure. In exchange, the wheelbase lengthened only slightly. Only the firebox area decreased and that by only a few square feet.

After the 1959 Revolucion and expropriation, the CP was renamed for Osvaldo Sanchez and the 6 was renumbered 1110.


Class Angelina (Locobase 14868)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Vol 64, p. 157 and Vol 78, pp. 43+. Works number was 53802 in October 1920 and 58486 in June 1925.

CP bought a pair of standard Baldwin oil-burning plantation Consolidation design supplied to many Cuban sugar mills. The 2 arrived before the end of 1920. Almost five years after its manufacture, Baldwin turned out sister #4, originally for Havana stock but delivered to the CP with the same dimensions and very little change in weight.

Both engines were sold to other Centrals that were renamed after the 1959 Revolucion and later expropriation. The 2 later operated for the Central San Cristobal in Pinar Del Rio, renamed later for JosT Martf. The 2 was renumbered 1701.

The 4 would later run on the Central Carolina in Matanzas which changed its name after the 1959 Revolucion and later expropriation to Granma (the boat that brought Castro and others to Cuba in November 1956. The locomotive's number was changed to 1713.


Class Domingo Leon (Locobase 14846)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 64, p. 97. Works number was 54076 in November 1920.

Typical Baldwin plantation Consolidations, these were delivered to the Central Pilar. The second engine, an oil burner, is described in Locobase 20804.

The 16 was sold to the Central Cespedes. The later Central was renamed after the 1959 Revolucion and expropriation for Manuel de Cespedes and the 16 was renumbered 1746.


Class Domingo Leon (Locobase 20804)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 78, pp. 19+. Works number was 59220 in May 1926.

Typical Baldwin plantation Consolidations, this oil-burner was the second of the type delivered to the Central Pilar in La Habana province. The 1920 engine burned coal and is described in Locobase 14846.

This engine was later sold to the Central Senado in Minas, Camaguey. The later Central was renamed after the 1959 Revolucion and expropriation for Noel Fernandez and this 2-8-0 renumbered 1746.


Class Fela (Locobase 14428)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 54, pp.141+ . Works number was 45829 in June 1917.

To gain more adhesive power to pull sugar-cane trains than its Moguls (Locobase 13839) could provide, the CP ordered a plantation Consolidation that duplicated the design of the Central Confluente engine shown in Locobase 14429.

The Fela had the same cylinder volume as the CP's 2-6-0s, but used a higher boiler pressure setting and smaller drivers to generate more tractive effort. To maintain the low axle loading 35-40 lb/yard (17.5-20 kg/metre) rail and very tight curve radii of 113 feet (34.4 metres), one more driving axle was squeezed into the same adhesion wheelbase.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class156AngelinaDomingo LeonDomingo Leon
Locobase ID15057 14848 14868 14846 20804
RailroadCentral PrestonCentral ProvidenciaCentral ProgresoCentral PilarCentral Pilar
CountryCubaCubaCubaCubaCuba
Whyte2-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-02-8-0
Number in Class21111
Road Numbers15-196 / 11102, 4 / 1701, 171316/1746unk/1844
GaugeStd2'6"StdStdStd
Number Built21111
BuilderBaldwinBaldwinBaldwinBaldwinBaldwin
Year19191920192019201926
Valve GearWalschaertWalschaertWalschaertWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)12 / 3.669 / 2.7414.50 / 4.4214.50 / 4.4214.50 / 4.42
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)19.50 / 5.9415.50 / 4.7222 / 6.7122 / 6.7122 / 6.71
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.62 0.58 0.66 0.66 0.66
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)46.54 / 14.1937.54 / 11.4451.62 / 15.7351.62 / 15.7351.62 / 15.73
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)89,200 / 40,46043,000 / 19,504120,600 / 54,703120,600 / 54,703120,025 / 54,442
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)101,000 / 45,81348,000 / 21,772133,600 / 60,600133,600 / 60,600135,525 / 61,473
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)76,000 / 34,47331,500 / 14,288100,000 / 45,359100,000 / 45,359100,000 / 45,359
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)177,000 / 80,28679,500 / 36,060233,600 / 105,959233,600 / 105,959235,525 / 106,832
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3500 / 13.261400 / 5.305000 / 18.945000 / 18.945000 / 18.94
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)1600 / 6056700 / 26502500 / 946310 / 9.102500 / 9462.50
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)37 / 18.5018 / 950 / 2550 / 2550 / 25
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)44 / 111833 / 83850 / 127050 / 127050 / 1270
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)160 / 11165 / 11.40170 / 11.70170 / 11.70170 / 11.70
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)17" x 24" / 432x61012" x 16" / 305x40620" x 24" / 508x61020" x 24" / 508x61020" x 24" / 508x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)21,439 / 9724.589792 / 4441.5827,744 / 12584.4827,744 / 12584.4827,744 / 12584.48
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.16 4.39 4.35 4.35 4.33
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)102 - 2" / 5160 - 1.5" / 38241 - 2" / 51241 - 2" / 51241 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)15 - 5.375" / 137
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)12.33 / 3.7613 / 3.9613 / 3.9613 / 3.9613 / 3.96
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)101 / 9.3942 / 3.90144 / 13.38144 / 13.38144 / 13.38
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)22.60 / 2.10 9.10 / 0.8530.30 / 2.8230.50 / 2.8330.50 / 2.83
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1014 / 94.24448 / 41.641774 / 164.871774 / 164.811774 / 164.81
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)211 / 19.61
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1225 / 113.85448 / 41.641774 / 164.871774 / 164.811774 / 164.81
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume160.82213.90203.29203.29203.29
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation36161502515151855185
Same as above plus superheater percentage42311502515151855185
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area18,907693024,48024,48024,480
Power L163612851404940494049
Power MT628.86584.69296.07296.07297.49

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

ClassFela
Locobase ID14428
RailroadCentral Portugalete
CountryCuba
Whyte2-8-0
Number in Class1
Road Numbers6
Gauge2'6"
Number Built1
BuilderBaldwin
Year1917
Valve GearWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)9 / 2.74
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)15.50 / 4.72
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.58
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)39.15 / 11.93
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)44,000 / 19,958
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)49,000 / 22,226
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)36,000 / 16,329
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)85,000 / 38,555
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)1800 / 6.82
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)4 / 4
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)18 / 9
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)33 / 838
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)165 / 11.40
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)12" x 16" / 305x406
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)9792 / 4441.58
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.49
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)81 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)13 / 3.96
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)42 / 3.90
Grate Area (sq ft / m2) 9.20 / 0.85
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)590 / 54.81
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)590 / 54.81
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume281.70
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1518
Same as above plus superheater percentage1518
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area6930
Power L13466
Power MT694.66

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