Jydsk-Fyenske Jernbaner 0-4-2 Locomotives in Denmark


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Dj (Locobase 4000)

Data from WilliamBay, Danmarks Damplokomotiver (1977). Class information from [].

From comments made in the Jernbane.dk listing, Locobase infers that these were delivered as tender engines and that three of them -- Dj 92-Dj 93 and Dj 96 -- were converted to tank engines in 1904-1905. This modification and their recently renewed boilers extended their utility into the 1920s. Withdrawals came in 1923, 1924, and 1926, respectively.

The other two were withdrawn in 1903 (Dj 95) and 1904 (Dj 94).


Class H (Locobase 3989)

Data from WilliamBay, Danmarks Damplokomotiver (1977). Class information from [].

This batch of 6 locomotives was bought to help fill the need of the new JFJ to handle the increased traffic between Frederica and Aarhus. The Canada Works locomotives supplied from England just a few years before proved overmatched by the demands. The new engines were neither big nor particularly fast (70 km/h or 43 mph), but they proved long-lived.

After the DSB took over the JFJ and other railways in 1893, they continued running these into the new century. H 37 was withdrawn in 1903 and H 38 in 1909. After those two retirements, however, H 42 lasted until 1929.

H 39 was sold in 1914 to the Fibiger Entrepren'rfirma construction company, which operated it until 1925. H 40 and H 41 both were sold in 1914 to the Vejle - Vandel - Grindsted Jernbane (VVGJ) as 4 & 5. 5 was withdrawn and scrapped in 1933. 4 was retired in 1946 and taken into the Railway Museum.


Class J (Locobase 3992)

Data from WilliamBay, Danmarks Damplokomotiver (1977).

In 1871, Denmark opened the first Danish-built railway line, which headed north from N'rresundby north to Hj'rring, then east to Frederikshavn in North Jutland, which was separated from the rest of Jutland (and the rest of Denmark beyond) by the Limfjord which separates N'rresundby from Aalborg. A 350-m (1,150-ft) bridge would be thrown across the Limfjord and opened in 1879.

Until that isolation was remedied, the railway maintained locomotives and rolling stock in Fredrikshavn and, if necessary, used a rail ferry to relocate equipment.

These Kitsons served the North Jutland lines into the new century. Four of the class -- J 50, J 53, J 55, J57 -- were scrapped in 1905, J 52 went in 1906, J 58 in 1907, J 51 in 1912, J 54 in 1916, and J56 in 1917.


Class J (II) (Locobase 4007)

Data from WilliamBay, Danmarks Damplokomotiver (1977). Class information from []. Borsig supplied the first 8 in 1886 (works 4173-4176 and 4205-4208), then Swedish builder Nydqvist delivered 4 in 1888 (works 257-260), followed by Henschel with 6 in 1892 (works 3622-3627)and 2 in 1893 (works 3790-3791).

Like so many Danish locomotives, these small 4-coupled mixed-traffic engines lasted a long time. In fact, 30 years after their introduction, the DSB rebuilt the boilers to allow operating pressures of 12 bar (174 psi), a heavier tender with more tankage, and a heavier locomotive overall.

A few were withdrawn before World War Two -- J 15 in September 1932, J 6 in June 1937, J 10 in October 1937, J 18 in September 1938, and J 4 in April 1939. All of the others survived the war (although J 8 was damaged by sabotage) and operated until the early-to-mid-1950s with the last being withdrawn in 1954.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

ClassDjHJJ (II)
Locobase ID4000 3989 3992 4007
RailroadJydsk-Fyenske Jernbaner (JFJ)Jydsk-Fyenske Jernbaner (JFJ)Jydsk-Fyenske Jernbaner (JFJ)Jydsk-Fyenske Jernbaner (JFJ)
CountryDenmarkDenmarkDenmarkDenmark
Whyte0-4-2T0-4-20-4-20-4-2
Number in Class56920
Road Numbers92-96H 37-H 42J 50-J 58J 1-J 20
GaugeStdStdStdStd
Number Built56920
BuilderHanomagRobert Stephenson & CoKitson & Coseveral
Year1876186818711886
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 5.41 / 1.65 5.75 / 1.75 5.17 / 1.57
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)11.32 / 3.4511.50 / 3.5110.50 / 3.20
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.48 0.50 0.49
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)11.32 / 3.4524.40 / 7.4426.54 / 8.09
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)52,029 / 23,60036,960 / 16,76537,183 / 16,86642,113 / 19,102
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)67,020 / 30,40043,233 / 19,61047,712 / 21,64250,400 / 22,861
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)25,133 / 11,40037,183 / 16,86642,113 / 19,102
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)67,020 / 30,40068,366 / 31,01084,895 / 38,50892,513 / 41,963
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)924 / 3.50792 / 31320 / 51320 / 5
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT) 0.70 / 1 2.20 / 2 2.20 / 2 2.20 / 2
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)43 / 21.5031 / 15.5031 / 15.5035 / 17.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)60 / 152454 / 137254.50 / 138454 / 1372
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)123.30 / 8.50123.30 / 8.50130.50 / 9145 / 10
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)15" x 22.05" / 381x56012.01" x 22.05" / 305x56012.01" x 22.05" / 305x56015" x 20" / 381x508
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)8666 / 3930.846173 / 2800.036473 / 2936.1110,271 / 4658.85
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 6.00 5.99 5.74 4.10
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)110 - 1.89" / 48
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)11.55 / 3.52 9.91 / 3.02 9.91 / 3.02
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)49.50 / 4.6049.50 / 4.60
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)10.44 / 0.97 9.68 / 0.90 9.68 / 0.90 9.68 / 0.90
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)593 / 55.10493 / 45.82493 / 45.80515 / 47.86
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)593 / 55.10493 / 45.82493 / 45.80515 / 47.86
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume131.49170.52170.52125.90
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1287119412631404
Same as above plus superheater percentage1287119412631404
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area61036460
Power L128423036
Power MT339.04360.02

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