Dutch Rhenish 2-4-0 Locomotives in Netherlands


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Class 1 (Locobase 10304)

Data from "The Locomotive History of the London, Chatham & Dover Ry," The Locomotive Magazine, Vol VII (January 1902), p. 4.

LM's LCDR historian notes that this class was a standard Sharp, Stewart four-coupled passenger design of the 1850s, which included a riveted outside frame, overhanging springs, and dome well forward.

The builder sold some to the Dutch Rhenish Railway. LM does not say how many went to Holland, but six came back in 1861 as what Locobase will term the Gemstone class - Onyx, Emerald, Diamond, Ruby, Amethyst, and Pearl. The demand for greater power prompted the purchase by the LCDR, which illustrates how light the motive power actually was in the early 1860s.

They were later upgraded by William Kirtley; see Locobase 10305.


Class Class 11 (Locobase 20779)

Data from L Derens"The Dutch Rhenish Railway and Its Locomotives"," The Locomotive Magazine, Volume XXVI [26] (15 July 1920), p. 159. 71-72 in 1869, 73 in 1870, 74-75 in 1871, and 76-77 in 1873.

This septet represented the first passenger tank engines to serve the Dutch Rhenish. Apparently well-suited to the traffic they hauled, the class operated on the DR and its successor Dutch State Railways until 1919.

All of the class was sold into mining service for the Bergenrode company headquartered in Limburg.


Class Class 12 (Locobase 20780)

Data from L Derens"The Dutch Rhenish Railway and Its Locomotives"," The Locomotive Magazine, Volume XXVI [26] (15 July 1920), p. 159. 81-83 arrived in 1869, 84-85 in 1870.

Based on the earlier 31 class locomotives of 1865 (Locobase 20775), this quintet had larger boilers and grates. Derens noted that the latter four engine (82-85) received new boilers of slightly larger heating surface area (1,045 sq ft/97.08 sq m) pressed to 150 psi (10.34 bar). The higher pressure raised the calculated tractive effort to 10,888 lb (4,939 kg or 48.43 kN).


Class Class 13 (Locobase 20781)

Data from L Derens"The Dutch Rhenish Railway and Its Locomotives"," The Locomotive Magazine, Volume XXVI [26] (15 July 1920), p. 159. 86-87 arrived in 1870, 88-93 in 1871.

After taking delivery of the five high-drivered Class 12s described in (Locobase 20780), the DR ordered eight more with 6-ft drivers. These had slightly smaller boilers and grates, but more firebox heating surface area.

They later received the conical (inversely tapered) chimneys (stacks) that first appeared on the Class 14 (Locobase 20782).


Class Class 14 (Locobase 20782)

Data from L Derens"The Dutch Rhenish Railway and Its Locomotives"," The Locomotive Magazine, Volume XXVI [26] (15 September 1920), p. 208. 94-95 delivered in 1877.

Updating the Class 13 design described in Locobase 20781, this class had the same power dimensions except for the boiler pressure, which was set 30 psi (2.07 bar) higher. A slightly bigger boiler and longer grate stretched the wheelbase by 9" (229 mm).

NB: Although the data for the tube heating surface area (937 sq ft/87.05 sq m) reflected measurement from the fire side (inside) diameter, Locobase shows the water side areas based on the tubes' stated external diameters.

The pair introduced the conical (inversely tapered) chimneys (stacks) that Derens wrote contributed to "their smart and handsome outline" that bore "testimony to the good taste of their designers." Another innovation--a movable cone in the blastpipe--met with limited success and was removed.


Class Class 15 (Locobase 20783)

Data from L Derens"The Dutch Rhenish Railway and Its Locomotives"," The Locomotive Magazine, Volume XXVI [26] (15 Septembetr 1920), p. 208. 178-181 in 1877 and 182-183 in 1878.

The first six passenger tanks on the DR arrived in 1869. When the railway ordered another sextet in 1877, they repeated much of the earlier design. Significant changes included a 30 psi (2.08 bar) increase in boiler pressure, a bigger boiler and firebox, and conical stack replacing the straight chimney.

As late as 1919-1920, three of the class--their road numbers increased by 1,000 to 1178-1180-- still hauled Dutch Railway local passenger. trains


Class Class 2 (Locobase 20775)

Data from L Derens"The Dutch Rhenish Railway and Its Locomotives"," The Locomotive Magazine, Volume XXVI [26] (15 April 1920), p. 87. 31 arrived in 1865, 32-34 in 1877, and 35-36 completed the set in 1867.

Not to be confused with an 1856 sextet of six-wheelers also numbered 31-36 (Locobase 10304), this class rolled on much taller drivers. Double-framed like many engines of the day, these had only a single plate guarding the motion on the outside. They also introduced the Giffard injector to locomotive service.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

ClassClass 1Class 11Class 12Class 13Class 14
Locobase ID10304 20779 20780 20781 20782
RailroadDutch RhenishDutch RhenishDutch RhenishDutch RhenishDutch Rhenish
CountryNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Whyte2-4-02-4-0T2-4-02-4-02-4-0
Number in Class7582
Road Numbers71-7781-8586-9394-95
GaugeStdStdStdStdStd
Number Built7582
BuilderSharp, StewartSharp, StewartSharp, StewartSharp, StewartSharp, Stewart
Year18561869186918701877
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)7 / 2.13 7.70 / 2.35 7.50 / 2.29 7.50 / 2.29 8.25 / 2.51
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)13.50 / 4.1115 / 4.5715 / 4.5715 / 4.5715 / 4.57
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.52 0.51 0.50 0.50 0.55
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)15 / 4.5737.50 / 11.4337.50 / 11.4337.50 / 11.43
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)19,264 / 8738
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)36,736 / 16,66356,896 / 25,80850,624 / 22,96347,936 / 21,74352,192 / 23,674
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)51,520 / 23,36982,880 / 37,59473,920 / 33,53071,680 / 32,51476,832 / 34,850
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)60,480 / 27,43360,480 / 27,43359,360 / 26,925
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)82,880 / 37,594134,400 / 60,963132,160 / 59,947136,192 / 61,775
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)986 / 3.732613 / 9.902613 / 9.902480 / 9.39
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT) 1.38 / 1 5.50 / 5 5.50 / 5 5.50 / 5
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)31 / 15.5047 / 23.5042 / 2140 / 2043 / 21.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)66 / 167660.88 / 154678.90 / 200472.90 / 185272.90 / 1852
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)120 / 8.30120 / 8.30150 / 8.30150 / 10.30150 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)15" x 20" / 381x50816.5" x 22" / 419x55917.5" x 22" / 445x55917.5" x 22" / 445x55917.5" x 22" / 445x559
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)6955 / 3154.7410,035 / 4551.8010,888 / 4938.7211,784 / 5345.1411,784 / 5345.14
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.28 5.67 4.65 4.07 4.43
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)193 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)10.40 / 3.17
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)81 / 7.5383 / 7.7187 / 8.08102 / 9.48
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)15.28 / 1.4219.81 / 1.8415.50 / 1.4417.65 / 1.64
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)800 / 74.35938 / 87.141036 / 96.25993 / 92.251153 / 107.12
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)800 / 74.35938 / 87.141036 / 96.25993 / 92.251153 / 107.12
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume195.57172.28169.15162.13188.26
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1834297223252648
Same as above plus superheater percentage1834297223252648
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area972012,45013,05015,300
Power L13003467342494949
Power MT232.72407.01390.83418.10

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

ClassClass 15Class 2
Locobase ID20783 20775
RailroadDutch RhenishDutch Rhenish
CountryNetherlandsNetherlands
Whyte2-4-0T2-4-0
Number in Class66
Road Numbers178-18331-36
GaugeStdStd
Number Built66
BuilderSharp, StewartSharp, Stewart
Year18771865
Valve GearStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 7.83 / 2.39
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)15 / 4.57
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.52
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)15 / 4.57
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)64,512 / 29,26246,595 / 21,135
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)92,736 / 42,06469,446 / 31,500
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)54,432 / 24,690
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)92,736 / 42,064123,878 / 56,190
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)1120 / 4.242080 / 7.88
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT) 1.10 / 1 5.50 / 2
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)54 / 2739 / 19.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)66.88 / 169978.90 / 2004
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30120.40 / 8.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)16.5" x 22" / 419x55917.01" x 22.01" / 432x559
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)11,418 / 5179.128260 / 3746.68
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.65 5.64
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)94 / 8.7379.65 / 7.40
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)15.39 / 1.4318.62 / 1.73
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1027 / 95.41986 / 91.60
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1027 / 95.41986 / 91.60
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume188.63170.32
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation23092242
Same as above plus superheater percentage23092242
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area14,1009590
Power L145973786
Power MT314.19358.27

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