Dutch State 2-4-0 Locomotives in Netherlands


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 1300/Grote Groenen (Locobase 1087)

Data from E L Ahrons, The British Railway Locomotive, 1825-1925 (London: Locomotive Publishing Company, 1926). See also Edwin Boer, whose drawings can be found on the website [] (first accessed 14 March 2004),

High-drivered express passenger engines delivered between 1880 and 1895. They had tall brass steam domes, Belpaire firebox, inside cylinders, four-bearing crank axle, side rod outside of the frame, leaf springing above the wheels and outside the frame, and a tall, capped stack. Their nickname translates as "Big Green".

According to Ahrons, "They have always given the greatest satisfaction, and have rendered excellent service." He noted that despite their 84" (2,134 mm) drivers, they were used in freight service as well.

Illustrator Boer commented: "With good coal they could carry a train of 15 coaches, each with 5 coupes, at a speed of 75 km/h [46.6 mph]."


Class 900 (Locobase 3035)

First of two big classes of 2-4-0s designed and built for the Dutch Railways by Beyer, Peacock. According to Ahrons (1927), the outside cylinders on this design had been specified by the railroad. In the later class, inside cylinders were preferred.


Class unknown (Locobase 1114)

Some data from "Four Coupled Express Engine, Dutch State Railways," The Locomotive & Railway Carriage & Wagon Review, Vol III (October 1898), p. 149. See also letter from Charles A Brantsen in November 1901 Railway & Locomotive Engineering (Vol 14, No 11), p. 475.

High-drivered express passenger engines very similar to the earlier 2-4-0s running on the Holland Railway. Like those 2-4-0s, this class had tall brass steam domes, Belpaire fireboxes, inside valve motion, but outside-connected drivers and a leading bogie. Also, the frame was heavier and they had outside bearings on the trucks.

The Locomotive article noted that these engines pulled the Amsterdam-Milan express over 77 miles from Emmerich to Amsterdam, making stops at Zevenaar, Arnhem, and Utrecht. They could trim 7 minutes off the booked time from Arnhem to Utrecht (37 miles) to make up lost time while trailing 14 vehicles up and down some heavy grades.

The October 1898 article reported 242 tubes in the boiler, a count that Brantsen specifically rejects as incorrect.

NB: The direct heating surface (including the firebox heating surface) is an estimate calculated by subtracting the calculated tube heating surface from the reported total evaporative heating surface.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Middle Run Media

Class1300/Grote Groenen900unknown
Locobase ID1087 3035 1114
RailroadDutch StateDutch StateDutch State
CountryNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Whyte2-4-02-4-02-4-0
Number in Class18250175
Road Numbers1300901-950460-475
GaugeStdStdStd
Number Built18250175
BuilderBeyer, PeacockBeyer, PeacockBeyer, Peacock
Year188018721895
Valve GearStephensonStephensonStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 9.50 / 2.90 6.75 / 2.06 8.33 / 2.54
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)18 / 5.4915.09 / 4.6017.50 / 5.33
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.53 0.45 0.48
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)60,368 / 27,38253,648 / 24,334
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)87,494 / 39,68778,176 / 35,460
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3420 / 12.95
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)50 / 2545 / 22.50
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)84 / 213472.30 / 183684 / 2134
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)150 / 10.30120 / 8.30150 / 10.30
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18.5" x 26" / 470x66017.5" x 24" / 445x61018" x 26" / 457x660
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,507 / 6126.6810,369 / 4703.3012,786 / 5799.64
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.47 5.17
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)220 - 1.75" / 44
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)11.08 / 3.38
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)102 / 9.4895.90 / 8.91192 / 17.84
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)23.40 / 2.1717.90 / 1.6622.60 / 2.10
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1324 / 123.051093 / 101.581303 / 121.10
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1324 / 123.051093 / 101.581303 / 121.10
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume163.68163.59170.16
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation351021483390
Same as above plus superheater percentage351021483390
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area15,30011,50828,800
Power L1476134036206
Power MT347.74279.69

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