Caile Ferate Romane 2-6-0 Locomotives in Romania


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 1001-78 (Locobase 1506)

Built by Hartmann, Lugansk, and Oesterreich-Ungarien Staatseisenbahn-Ges, these conservative engines had slide valves and no superheater. They were, however, the first CFR locomotives to use Walschaerts valve gear. Used in light passenger work, the class operated in Moldavia and Wallachia until the first retirements in 1937 through the last withdrawal in 1940.

data double-checked on the First Romanian railway club ([] -- visited 14 Jan 2004). The club gives the production details as follows:

Road #s Year Builder works #s

1001-1045 1905-1906 Florisdorf 3175-3275

1046-1068 1906 R Hartmann 3065-3087

1069-1078 1908-1909 Lugansk 1280-1289


Class 1286 (Locobase 20023)

Data from and First Romanian railway club ([], first visited 14 Jan 2004, last accessed 27 September 2015). See also W. Robinson, Karl Richard, Oscar Bertling, Oscar Eckenstein (translators), "Arn. Jung, Lokomotiv-Fabrik", Modern Railway Practice (Reimar Hobbing, London-New York-Berlin, 1913), p. 45.The club gives the production details as follows:

Road #s Year Builder works #s

1351-1377 1913 Arnold Jung 1563-1589

1418-1427 1913 Henschel & Sohn 12297-12379

1317-1346 1914 Henschel & Sohn 12843-12862,

12864-12873

1288 1914 Henschel & Sohn 12862

(salt & tobacco monopoly administration ...)

1286-87 1914 Henschel & Sohn 13085-86

1290-1293 1914 Hanomag 7340-43

Based on the earlier Moguls described in Locobase 1506, this group had smaller drivers, which meant a lower top speed of 70 km/h (43.5 mph) but more power. The First Romanian site has contradictory information about the Arnold Jung. In the heading to this particular class, it says that the Jungs were the first superheated locomotives in Romania. But its listing for the Jung batch identifies them as 1`C - n 2, the "n" standing for nassdampf or saturated steam. As the Jung entry in Modern Railway Practice shows the engines as saturated, Locobase has deleted the earlier comment.

The last of this class went to the scrappers in the 1950s.


Class 130.501 (Locobase 1509)

Data from A[nthony] E[dward] Durrant, Locomotives of Eastern Europe (New York: Augustus M Kelley, Publishers, 1966), pp 44-45, 49; with data double-checked on the First Romanian railway club [] -- visited 14 January 2004--link no longer active); and See also [] (28 December 2006).

These were repeats of Henschel's 1912 Class 2000 design (Locobase 1508), but with larger fireboxes that pushed the boiler farther forward on the frame.


Class 2001-2073 (Locobase 1508)

Data from A[nthony] E[dward] Durrant, Locomotives of Eastern Europe (New York: Augustus M Kelley, Publishers, 1966), pp 44-45, 49; with data double-checked on the First Romanian railway club [] -- visited 14 Jan 2004--link no longer active).

A wide range (especially geographic) of builders supplied engines in this class. Russia's Kolomna, Germany's Henschel and Schwartzkopf, Belgium's Tubize, and Austria's +sterreich-Ungarien Staatseisenbahn-Ges all delivered examples of this The first 33 were actually delivered as saturated-steam locomotives, but the last 40 had the Schmidt smokebox superheater installed.

Not all of the class made it to Romania, either. The last 20 were retained by Austria as 328.001 to operate in Serbia. After the 1918 Armistice, these engines went to Poland as class Oi-101. Those that remained in Romania pulled light passenger trains for decades, the earlier "wet" steamers being retired in 1947, the "dry" ones going in 1960.

The First Romanian Railway Club gave the production details as follows:

Road #s Year Builder works #s

2001-2023 1906-1907 Florisdorf 3316-3338

2024-2033 1908-1909 Kolomna 3900-3909

2034-2058 1911 Henschel & Sohn 10258-82

2059-2069 1912 Tubize 1719-29

2070-2073 1916 Schwartzkopff 5452-5455

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class1001-781286130.5012001-2073
Locobase ID1506 20023 1509 1508
RailroadCaile Ferate Romane (CFR)Caile Ferate Romane (CFR)Caile Ferate Romane (CFR)Caile Ferate Romane (CFR)
CountryRomaniaRomaniaRomaniaRomania
Whyte2-6-02-6-02-6-02-6-0
Number in Class78788073
Road Numbers1001-781286-1293, 1351-1377130.501-130.5802001-2073
GaugeStdStdStdStd
Number Built78788073
BuilderseveralseveralSkodaseveral
Year1905191319211906
Valve GearWalschaertWalschaertWalschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)15.09 / 4.6015.09 / 4.6015.09 / 4.60
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)23.24 / 7.0823.24 / 7.0823.46 / 7.15
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.65 0.65 0.64
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)38.78 / 11.82
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)36,156 / 16,400
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)105,279 / 47,754105,279 / 47,754108,249 / 49,101112,000 / 50,802
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)127,233 / 57,712127,233 / 57,712138,671 / 62,900141,120 / 64,011
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)84,437 / 38,30084,437 / 38,300
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)211,670 / 96,012211,670 / 96,012
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3960 / 153960 / 15
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT) 4.20 / 4 4.20 / 4
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)58 / 2958 / 2960 / 3062 / 31
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)57.90 / 147057.90 / 135065.60 / 166565.60 / 1666
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)174 / 12174 / 12174 / 12174 / 12
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)18.9" x 25.59" / 480x65018.9" x 25.59" / 480x65020.47" x 25.59" / 520x65020.5" x 25.6" / 521x650
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)23,350 / 10591.3923,350 / 10591.3924,175 / 10965.6124,256 / 11002.35
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.51 4.51 4.48 4.62
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)21 - 5.236" / 13321 - 5.24" / 133
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)156.08 / 14.50
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)22.82 / 2.1222.82 / 2.1228.20 / 2.6222.80 / 2.12
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1711 / 1591711 / 1591378 / 128.021367 / 127.04
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)375 / 34.80371 / 34.48
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1711 / 1591711 / 1591753 / 162.821738 / 161.52
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume205.91205.91141.37139.78
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3971397149073967
Same as above plus superheater percentage3971397159374800
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area32,861
Power L110,800
Power MT659.86

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