New Castle & Frenchtown 2-2-0 "Planet" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Pennsylvania (Locobase 803)

Railway & Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin #13 (1927) has a report by railroad of this engine's performance.

Sister engines were the Virginia, Delaware, and New Castle. Pennsylvania was the first engine imported by the NC & F. New Castle appears to have been a copy made by E.A.G. Young.

Tube length was 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m) , except Virginia, which had 7-ft, 6-in (2.29 m) tubes. Boiler sheet measured 7/16 inches (11.1 mm) in thickness while the "heads" were 1/2-in thick.

According to Chief Engineer J. Knight, Virginia ran a circular trip of 33 miles for 17 months straight (July 1834-December 1836) and incurred a cost of only $50 for repairs. New tires cost $200.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Locobase ID803
RailroadNew Castle & Frenchtown
Number in Class4
Road Numbers
Number Built4
Valve Gear
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)12,000 / 5443
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)18,000 / 8165
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)20 / 10
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)60 / 1524
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)75 / 5.20
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)11" x 16" / 279x406
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)2057 / 933.04
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 5.83
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)109 - 1.5" / 38
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m) 6.83 / 2.08
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation
Same as above plus superheater percentage
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area
Power L1
Power MT

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Wes Barris