4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

The 4-4-0 or "American" type locomotive was widely used in North America during the 1800's. This wheel arrangement was well suited to the grades and curvature of the railroad of that time. Around 25,000 4-4-0 locomotives were built by companies including Rogers, Baldwin, Cooke and Mason. However, the design required the firebox to fit between the driving wheels which limited its firing (and thus steaming) capacity and by 1900 larger locomotives were needed.


Railroads that used 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)


Surviving Examples of 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InfoNotes
14-4-036" Disneyland, Anaheim, CAoperationalWED Enterprises, 1955Named Cyrus K. Holliday
24-4-036" Disneyland, Anaheim, CAoperationalWED Enterprises, 1955Named EP Ripley
11004-4-04'-8½"SP (SF&ARR)Deschutes Road, Sacramento River, Anderson, CAsunkStevens, 1868Named J.G. Kellogg
49 (12)4-4-04'-8½"W&A (L&N) Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, GAdisplayDanforth, Cooke & Co., 1856 Named Texas. Was cosmetically restored at the NC Transportation Museum. Previously displayed at the Cyclorama.
4-4-036" Six Flags Over Georgia, Austell, GAout of serviceHarpur, 1966Named The General. diesel / hydraulic; Suffered major fire on 5/11/2018. Has new cab.
4-4-036" Six Flags Over Georgia, Austell, GAoperational (diesel)Harpur, 1966Named Texas
25F4-4-04'-8½"B&O B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDdisplayMason Machine Works #46, 1856Named William Mason. Used to be oldest operational standard gauge steam locomotive on earth, featured in 'The Great Locomotive Chase'
4 (66)4-4-036"Unidos de Yucatan Magic Kingdom, Bay Lake, FLoperationalBaldwin #42915, 1916Named R.O. Disney
4-4-015" Eden Springs Park, Benton Harbor, MIoperationalCagney, 1904
74-4-015" Eden Springs Park, Benton Harbor, MIoperationalCagney, 1904 Rebuilt by House of David 1920
54-4-015"Redwood Valley Railway Redwood Valley Railway, Berkeley, CAoperationalNamed Fern
74-4-0 Bonne Terre Mine, Bonne Terre, MOsunk Fake, mock locomotive.
999 (314)4-4-015"Blue Mountain Railway Blue Mountain Railway, Braddock Heights, MDprivate operationalCagney, 1901 Built for the 1901 Panamerican Exposition in Buffalo, NY
3064-4-024"Everglade Express Veterans Memorial Railroad, Bristol, FLoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Coal fired; From Lion Country Safari, Loxahatchee, FL then Gold Coast Railroad Museum
834-4-024" Knott's Berry Farm, Buena Park, CAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1982
34-4-024"Shelby & Southern Shelby & Southern Railroad, Calera, ALstoredCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)For sale
14-4-024"Tolt River Railroad Remlinger Farms, Carnation, WAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Hank
74-4-024"Tolt River Railroad Remlinger Farms, Carnation, WAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1964 from Idlewild Park, Ligonier, PA
184-4-04'-8½"V&T Nevada State Railroad Museum, Carson City, NVdisplayCP (Sacramento) #6, 1873Named Dayton, from the Comstock History Center, Virginia City, NV
84-4-04'-8½"D&R Nevada State Railroad Museum, Carson City, NVstoredCooke Locomotive & Machine Works #1861, 1888From Virginia City, NV, Jamestown, CA, Sacramento
224-4-04'-8½"V&T Nevada State Railroad Museum, Carson City, NVoperationalBaldwin #3693, 1875Named Inyo, featured in Wild Wild West and many movies
24-4-022"Steeplechase Railroad Tellus Science Museum, Cartersville, GAdisplayCagney, 1905
17524-4-024"Portsmouth City RR Mideast Railroad, Carthage, NCoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #33324, 1963 named Pokey Smokey, from Portsmouth, VA
3494-4-04'-8½"Central of GA TVRM Grand Junction Station, Chattanooga, TNdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #11994, 1891
2D4-4-015" Cheyenne Steamers, Cheyenne, WYoperationalCagney, 1911
4D4-4-015"Como Hot Spring Wasatch Railroad Contractors, Cheyenne, WYrestoration, privateCagney, 1904from Morgan, UT, later Murray and Heber City
1194-4-015" Wasatch Railroad Contractors, Cheyenne, WYoperationalCrown, 1960sFrom CT. Restored in 2015.
34-4-015" Wasatch Railroad Contractors, Cheyenne, WYstoredArmitage-HerschellFrom Moses Lake, WA in 2006.
999C-14a4-4-04'-8½"NYC&HRRR Museum of Science & Industry, Chicago, ILdisplayNYC&HRR, 1893 First steam locomotive in the USA claimed to have reached 100 mph (1893).
4-4-0Cincinnati, OHburied
124-4-036" Kings Island, Cincinnati, OHoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1972named Kenny Van Meter
194-4-036" Kings Island, Cincinnati, OHoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1972 named Lew Brown
10-4-4-024"CCV CC&V ng Railroad, Cripple Creek, COoperationalOrenstein & Koppel (Berlin) #2797, 19021960 photo from Avalos, Zacatecas Formerly named Goldfield, from Germany
40-4-4-0T24"Reynolds Brothers Sugar CC&V ng Railroad, Cripple Creek, COrestorationW. Bagnall #2831, 1947Meyer type mallet from a South African sugar plantation
74-4-04'-8½"DT&I (Detroit & Lima Northern) Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MIoperationalBaldwin #15317, 1897 Henry Ford's personal locomotive. Restored in 2012
14-4-04'-8½"Ford Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MIout of serviceManchester Locomotive Works, 1875 Named Edison. Rebuilt at the Rouge Shops from an 0-4-0 in 1932 to represent an 1800's William Mason by Henry Ford.
110 (3)4-4-04'-8½"J.J. McDonough Lumber (Atlantic & Gulf) Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, MIdisplayRogers #812, 01/1858 Named Sam Hill, operated in the 1930s when Henry Ford opened and carried President Hoover to the opening of Greenfield Village in 1929.
4-4-015" Forney Transportation Museum, Denver, COdisplayCagney
174-4-022" Lakeside Amusement Park, Denver, COout of serviceCagney, 1896disposition unknown
184-4-022" Lakeside Amusement Park, Denver, COout of serviceCagney, 1896disposition unknown
6284-4-04'-8½"CRI&P Cimarron River between Dover and Kingfisher, Dover, OKsunk Sank on Sep 18, 1906
664-4-04'-8½"Natural Tunnel (Rim Rock) Natural Tunnel State Park, Duffield, VAdisplayBarnett Enterprises (Norton), 1967 Built as 2-4-0 diesel powered tender
14-4-04'-8½"GN (M&P) Lake Superior Railroad Museum, Duluth, MNdisplayNew Jersey Locomotive, 1861 Named William Crooks
104 (1)8-24C4-4-04'-8½"Red River & Gulf (LE) Southeastern Railway Museum, Duluth, GAdisplayBaldwin #52207, 08/1919 Named General II. From Stone Mountain Scenic
164-4-016"CVRR Chippewa Valley Railroad, Eau Claire, WIoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1959 From Lee Merrick
14-4-036" El Paso Connection, El Paso, TXdisplayCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #33136, 1963 from Legend City Amusement Park, Phoenix then Magic Landing Theme Park, El Paso
1 (111)4-4-04'-8½"EP&SW (CM&StP) Union Plaza Transit Terminal, El Paso, TXdisplayBreese, Kneeland & Co. #73, 1857 Cosmetically restored in the 2000s
634-4-04'-8½"Central Pacific The Star Barn Village, Elizabethtown, PAoperationalKloke Locomotive Works, 2009 Named Leviathan, replica based off of O'Connor Engineering blueprints of the locomotives at Promontory Summit
18654-4-016" Knoebels Amusement Resort, Elysburg, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1960Named Old Smokey Train
10524-4-012" Emerald Hills Railway, Emerald Hills, CAprivate operationalOttaway, 1948
64-4-036" Six Flags St. Louis, Eureka, MOoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1970 named Tommy G. Robertson
4-4-015" NJ Museum of Transportation, Farmingdale, NJdisplayCagney, 1923from a NJ beachfront amusement park
3L4-4-0T36"Cavan Leitrim NJ Museum of Transportation, Farmingdale, NJstoredRobert Stephenson & Co. #2614, 1887Named Lady Edith
14-4-024" Lagoon Amusement Park, Farmington, UToperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
1264-4-024" Lagoon Amusement Park, Farmington, UToperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
34-4-024"Carson City & Mills Park Shortline Railroad Park & Museum, Farmington, UTdisplayCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)sold, current location unknown
974-4-016"Smokey Joe Eastern Shore Threshermen & Collectors Association, Federalsburg, MDoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1961 From Haines City, FL
984-4-015"Little Toot Railroad Charley Brown Park, Flora, ILoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #1, 1959 Named Little Toot
14-4-012"Folsom Valley Railway (Ottaway) Folsom Valley Railway, Folsom, CAoperationalErich Thompsen (Berkeley), 1950Named Cricket, from Tilden Park
4-4-024"Carowinds Park, Fort Mill, SCdisplayCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Duplication of the Crown in Huntsville? converted to gasoline?
4-4-024" Rotunda Grapevine Railroad Farm, Fredonia, NYunknownCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Sold. Going to Salt Lake City
9994-4-015"Gaines, MIstoredArmitage-Herschell, 1904
68 (2)25 ton4-4-036"UP (Astroworld) Brook Rother, Georgetown, CArestorationHarpur, 1968replica, from Astroworld, TX then Silverwood Park, ID then Laramie, WY
4-4-024"Gilroy Gardens, Gilroy, CAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) sold, whereabouts unknown
4-4-024"Gilroy Gardens, Gilroy, CAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) sold, whereabouts unknown
1714-4-012"WF&P Wabash, Frisco & Pacific Railroad, Glencoe, MOoperationalInternational Miniature Railway (Elgin, IL), 1907Reboilered 2018
1804-4-012"WF&P Wabash, Frisco & Pacific Railroad, Glencoe, MOoperational1923From C.A. Wheeler, Hannibal, MO in 1944; Reboilered 2018.
1 (2)4-4-036"Neverland Valley Railroad (Carowinds) Helm & Sons Amusement Company, Glendale, CAout of serviceCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #37936, 1973From Carowinds Amusement Park, Charlotte, then Timber Rail Village, White River Junction, VT, and Michael Jackson's Neverland Ranch.
34-4-036" Doe River Gorge, Hampton, TNrestorationCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)from South of the Border Amusement Park, Charlotte, then Timber Rail Village, White River Junction, VT, then Huntsville, AL
6424-4-04'-8½"T&PVillage Creek, Handley, TXsunk
34-4-024"City Island City Island Railroad, Harrisburg, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Named The General.
254-4-024"Reynolds Brothers Sugar Hempstead & Northern, Hempstead, TXprivateW. Bagnall #2522, 1935Named Simpola
18754-4-024"Dry Gulch RRHershey Park, Hershey, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Named Janelle
19074-4-024"Dry Gulch RRHershey Park, Hershey, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Named Skooter
7 (2)4-4-036" Old Hickory Railroad, Jackson, LAout of serviceCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #43436, 1964 from Frontierland, Cherokee, NC
5524-4-036" Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, MOrestorationCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974From Kings Dominion, VA then Dry Gulch USA, Adair, OK. Propane. Being renovated into ''Levi''.
334-4-036" Worlds of Fun, Kansas City, MOout of serviceCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #27636, 1973Named Eli. Being given a complete overhaul at Tweetsie Railroad. Replaced by Dry Gulch USA locomotive.
3 (39)4-4-04'-8½"W&A (L&N) Southern Museum of Civil War and Locomotive History, Kennesaw, GAdisplayRogers Ketchum & Grosvenor, 1855 Named The General
14-4-015"Tough & Rumble Rough & Tumble Threshers Museum, Kinzers, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1958 Named Toot
60 (260)8-30C4-4-04'-8½"SA&AP (T&NO) Three Rivers Rambler, Knoxville, TNstoredBaldwin #55390, 1922From Stone Mountain, GA
1 (567)4-4-04'-8½"Anthony & Northern (CRI&P)S of town, west of Hwy 19, Arkansas River, Larned, KSsunkBrooks, 1887sunk in 1919
4 (5)8/18 C4-4-036"E&P Dan Markoff, Las Vegas, NVoperationalBaldwin (Burnham) #3763, 1875Named Eureka; Located at the Nevada Southern Railway (NSRRM), Boulder City
74-4-0ng Tropicana Laughlin Hotel and Casino, Laughlin, NVstored operationalCustom FabricatorsBuilt as a 2-4-0 for a Sea World theme park. Donated to Las Vegas Railroad Society.
1 (1193)4-4-04'-8½"ST&E (SP) Travel Town Museum, Los Angeles, CAdisplayJA Norris-Lancaster #12, 1864
984-4-04'-8½"MS Central (LE) Wilmington & Western Railroad, Marshallton, DEoperationalALCO (Brooks) #45921, 01/1909
34-4-024"ES&G Gold Coast Railroad Museum, Miami, FLoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Powered by compressed air.
1014-4-015" B.A.D. Great Northern Railway, Millville, CAprivate operationalHarris Locomotive WorksNamed Little Bubba
1024-4-015" B.A.D. Great Northern Railway, Millville, CAprivate operationalHarris Locomotive WorksNamed Big Bubba
37314-4-012"AT&SF Watson Steam Train & Depot Museum, Missouri Valley, IAoperationalOttaway, 1948
94-4-0Little Smokey RRMonroe County Fairgrounds, Monroe, MIoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
4-4-04'-8½" Mulberry Phosphate Museum, Mulberry, FLdisplayManchester Locomotive Works, 1880
174-4-04'-8½"Northern Central Steam Into History, New Freedom, PAoperationalKloke Locomotive Works #2, 2013Named York
4-4-015"Bear Rock Junction Bear Rock Junction, New Tripoli, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1959
4-4-015" Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum, North Tonawanda, NYdisplayArmitage-Herschell #0001, 1896
4-4-024"Frontier City, Ocean City, MDoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
1194-4-030"UP Henry Doorly Zoo, Omaha, NEoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1968 Built to resemble UP 119
34-4-015"W&ARROoltewah, TNprivate restorationCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named LiL General. From the upper mid-west.
4-4-015" (Coney Island) CMSGMA, Orange, MAdisplayCagney, 1905From Worcester. Operates on compressed air.
34-4-04'-8½"Phil&Rdg Franklin Institute Science Museum, Philadelphia, PAdisplayEastwick & Harrison #67, 1842
4-4-015" American Threshermens Show, Pinckneyville, ILoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Little Toot, From Marion, IL
994-4-024"PARR (CKRR) Grindstone Road, Port Austin, MIdisplayCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) #99, 1971 Operated between 1971 and 1980 at Magic Mountain, Valencia, then displayed at Calgrove Kennels, Santa Clarita, CA
18 ton4-4-030"PZRY Washington Park & Zoo RY, Portland, ORoperational
604-4-04'-8½"Central Pacific Golden Spike Utah, Promontory Summit, UToperationalChadwell O'Connor, 1979 Named Jupiter, replica; appeared in Great American Train Rides I
1194-4-04'-8½"UP Golden Spike Utah, Promontory Summit, UToperationalChadwell O'Connor, 1979 replica, appeared in Great American Train Rides I
204-4-015"Laurel Run RR Laurel Run Railroad, Reading, PAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1966
231A-54-4-04'-8½"C&Oinside collapsed Church Hill Tunnel, Richmond, VAburiedBaldwin, 1903
14-4-04'-8½"Central Pacific California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CAdisplayRichard Norris & Son #1040, 1863Named Governor Stanford
124-4-04'-8½"V&T California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CAdisplayM. Baird & Co #3090, 1873Named Genoa
124-4-015" California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CAstorednamed Sonoma, from Orland Newville & Pacific RR, Glenn Co. Fairgrounds, Orland
124-4-036"NPC California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CAdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #3843, 1876Named Sonoma
E4-4-022" San Francisco Zoo, San Francisco, CAoperationalCagney, 1904
4-4-015"Harris Steam Farm Harris Steam Farm, Sanborn, NYoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1962
4-4-015"Harris Steam Farm Harris Steam Farm, Sanborn, NYoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
125 ton4-4-036"Astroworld Pacific Coast Railroad, Santa Margarita, CAprivate operationalGuiberson-Harpur, 1968Named Caroline. From Six Flags Astroworld, Houston, TX
914-4-048"Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Missouri State Fair Grounds, Sedalia, MOdisplayH.K. Porter, 1925Originally an 0-4-0T from Locust Summit, PA. Then converted to an 0-4-2 in Kinnelon, NJ? Converted to a 4-4-0 in 2014.
4-4-024" Prairie Land Heritage Village, South Jacksonville, ILoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)From Prairie Run, IL
35 (66)A-24-4-04'-8½"CB&Q (Hannibal & St. Joseph) Patee House Museum, St. Joseph, MOdisplayBaldwin, 1892 Named Missouri. Backdated in 1933 at CB&Q's Aurora Shops
394-4-04'-8½"B&A Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayB&A (Springfield, MS), 1876Named Marmora
274 (1040)4-4-04'-8½"C&NW (W&StP) Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayBaldwin #3107, 1873
3114-4-04'-8½"M-K-T Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #10640, 1890Only preserved M-K-T steam locomotive
174-4-04'-8½"Boston & Providence Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayB&P (Roxbury), 1863 Named Daniel Nason
9524-4-0C4'-8½"DL&W Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayALCO (Schenectady) #30555, 1905
737 (216)E-314-4-04'-8½"UP (SP) The Double T, Stevenson, CAdisplayBaldwin #8395, 1887 from Portola. Some list this engine in Merced or Turlock.
1223D16sb4-4-04'-8½"PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PAdisplayPRR (Juniata) #1399, 1905Featured in 'Hello Dolly', operated until 1989
4-4-015" Strasburg Railroad, Strasburg, PAoperationalCagney, 1920
4-4-04'-8½"Suwanee River Railroad State Agriculture Department Offices, Tallahassee, FLdisplayDanforth, Cooke & Co., 1850 Salvaged from a swamp in March, 1979
6014-4-036"Busch Gardens, Tampa, FLoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974 from Kings Dominion
44-4-036"Busch Gardens, Tampa, FLrestorationCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1971
54-4-036"Busch Gardens, Tampa, FLoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1970from Six Flags St. Louis, MO
94-4-036"Busch Gardens, Tampa, FLoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1971
10114-4-012" C&H Railroad, Tecumseh, KSoperationalOttawayBuilt sometime between 1946 and 1948.
10454-4-012" C&H Railroad, Tecumseh, KSoperationalOttaway, 1948
4-4-024"Bland's Park (display), Tipton, PAdisplayCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)
14 (1501)4-4-04'-8½"W. T. Smith (CofG) Pike Heritage Museum, Troy, ALdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #5892, 1881 From Chapman, AL
114-4-04'-8½"V&T Old Tucson Studios, Tucson, AZdisplayM. Baird & Co #2816, 1872 Named Reno, oldest surviving V&T locomotive
1D4-4-015"Hiawatha Live Steamers Hiawatha Live Steamers, Tupper Lake, NYoperationalWasatch Railroad Contractors, 06/2013
164-4-04'-8½"T&D Illinois Railway Museum, Union, ILdisplayBaldwin #41653, 1914
34-4-024"James Holman, unknown, FLrestorationCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth) Named Leslie Joy, From Quechee Gorge Village
34-4-036"Santa Cruz National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Museum, Washington, DCdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #3972, 1876 Named Jupiter
684C-14-4-04'-8½"NP Bonanzaville, West Fargo, NDdisplayNew York Locomotive Works #39, 1883
4944-4-04'-8½"B&M New England Transportation Institute and Museum, White River Junction, VTdisplayALCO (Manchester) #1546, 1892
4-4-036"Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974Named Balmoral Castle
4-4-036"Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1974Named Der Hochbeinige
174-4-036"Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, VAoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1972Named Alpengeist Express, from Lakeside Park, Salem, VA
44-4-036"Warner Brothers Studio Kirby Family Farm, Williston, FLdisplayCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth)Named Sam Houston while at Six Gun Territory, Silver Springs, then displayed in Atlanta
74-4-036"Six Gun Territory Kirby Family Farm, Williston, FLoperationalCrown Metal Products (Elizabeth), 1964 From Six Gun Territory, then Silver Springs; Jefferson, TX
824-4-015"R&GN Riverside & Great Northern RY, Wisconsin Dells, WIout of serviceSandley (Janesville), 1957Named L W Neiman; awaiting a new boiler
984-4-015"Sandly Light R (Hoot Toot & Whistle) Riverside & Great Northern RY, Wisconsin Dells, WIoperationalNorman Sandley, 1952From Bartlett, IL then Old Wakarusa RR, Wakarusa, IN
All material Copyright © SteamLocomotive.com
Wes Barris