Jacksonville, St Augustine & Halifax River 4-4-0 "American" Locomotives in the USA


Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 10 (Locobase 11116)

Data from Schenectady Locomotive Works, Illustrated Catalogue of Simple and Compound Locomotives (Philadelphia: J B Lippincott, 1897), pp. 52-53. See also Paul George, "Part II: The Drake Lumber Company", Biscayne (FL) Times, October 2020 at [], last accessed 8 January 2022. Works number was 3640 in December 1891 and 3929-3933 in August 1892.

This class of wood-burners served the 36-mile (58 km) narrow-gauge north-central railroad that would eventually form the core of Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railway.

The purchase of class leader #10's came after the railway converted from narrow- to standard gauge. This came as a result of Flagler's purchase of the J, StA&HR in 1885. The latter was operating trains between Jacksonville & Daytona. In 1892, the JStA&HR merged with the JStA&Indian River.

As the Florida East Coast, the railroad entered the 20th century. By the mid-teens, the FEC began to slough off these small engines. 15 was simply dismantled. Three were sold to the KW Extension sub-contractor for $3,000 each.

12 went first in May 1914 to Drake Lumber Company in Florida to take lumber from the mill to the Princeton Junction connection with the FEC. "At its peak", wrote Paul George, 'the mill cut one million feet of lumber each month - nearly 200 miles, enough to line the path from the mill into what is now Miami and back three times over. Much of the lumber was shipped via the Florida East Coast Railway. The station stood on the eastern edge of Princeton."

George goes on to sketch a typical day in the piney woods: 'Work was demanding to say the least, with laborers toiling 12 hours daily from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Compensation was woeful and racially determined. White workers received $2.25 daily; Black workers were paid $1.25."

10 went to the Munson Steamship Line and 11 to Domingo Nazabal in August 1916 to work on a Cuban sugar plantation in Provincia de Villa Clara .14 lingered for almost four years before being sold to the Savannah Creosoting Company.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class10
Locobase ID11116
RailroadJacksonville, St Augustine & Halifax River
CountryUSA
Whyte4-4-0
Number in Class6
Road Numbers10-15
GaugeStd
Number Built6
BuilderSchenectady
Year1891
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m) 7.33 / 2.23
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)20.83 / 6.35
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.35
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)40.83 / 12.44
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)43,000 / 19,504
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)67,000 / 30,391
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)2500 / 9.47
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)36 / 18
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)63 / 1600
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)140 / 9.70
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)15" x 22" / 381x559
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)9350 / 4241.09
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.60
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)124 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)10.67 / 3.25
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)88.40 / 8.22
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)13.70 / 1.27
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)775 / 72.03
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)775 / 72.03
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume172.22
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation1918
Same as above plus superheater percentage1918
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area12,376
Power L13976
Power MT407.70

All material Copyright © SteamLocomotive.com
Wes Barris