Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class Yancey (Locobase 16186)

Data from CNO&TP 1893 and CNO&TP 1917 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive Rail Data Exchange and Prince, Steam Locomotives and Boats Southern Railway System (1965). See also DeGolyer, Volume 16, p. 76. Works numbers 11053 and 11055 in June 1890.

This pair of freight Ten-wheelers comprised part of a twelve-engine order. The first two were sold to the Cincinnati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific (Locobase 7635).

The CC&C originally ordered ten engines, but only two were delivered to the railroad. The was named Yancey, then renamed McDowell. The second was called Mitchell. The rest--12-19--which were not built, were to have borne these names: Yancey, Unicoi, Carters, Washington, Sullivan, Scott, Russell, and Blacksburg.

The Triple C of Camden, SC was the 1885 successor to the Chattaroi Railway. Its ambitious name belied its early history as it operated 173 miles when it went bankrupt in February 1891.

Presumably as part of its receivership, the line sold off both locomotives to the Cincinnati Portsmouth & Virginia as their 16 and 15. When the Norfolk & Western absorbed the CP&V in 1901, the two took class name O-24 and would be renumbered 722,721 then 536, 535. Sold by the N&W in July 1910 to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Southern Iron & Equipment, both found a new home in November 1911 on the Morehead & North Fork.

Gene Connelly's Baldwin production wasn't able to follow 535 (ex-works 11055) any further, but shows that the M&NF sold the 536 back to SI&E in March 1912 to Alger Sullivan Lumber Company of Century, Fla. Here in the western end of Florida's Panhandle, the engine hauled longleaf pine and other timber products for more than four additional decades before its scrapping in April 1957.

Almost four years later, the railroad emerged as the Ohio River & Charleston, being renamed in February 1898 as the South Carolina-Georgia Extension, and almost immediately the Ohio River & Charleston of Kentucky. The Chesapeake and Ohio acquired the OR&C (Ky) in 1900.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Locobase ID16186
RailroadCharleston, Cincinnati and Chicago
Number in Class2
Road Numbers10-11
Number Built2
BuilderBurnham, Williams & Co
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)11.50 / 3.51
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.17 / 6.76
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.52
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)47.10 / 14.36
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)86,000 / 39,009
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)112,000 / 50,802
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)82,400 / 37,376
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)194,400 / 88,178
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)4000 / 15.15
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)48 / 24
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)56 / 1422
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)160 / 11
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)19" x 24" / 483x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)21,041 / 9544.05
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.09
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)256 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)13.25 / 4.04
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)135.92 / 12.63
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)23.72 / 2.20
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1901 / 176.61
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1901 / 176.61
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume241.24
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation3795
Same as above plus superheater percentage3795
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area21,747
Power L14890
Power MT376.07

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