Randolph & Cumberland 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 3 (Locobase 13700)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works Specification for Engines as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume36, .Works number was 25504 in April 1905.

The R & C was a little logging road with 3% grades and 10-degree curves that was bought from W C Petty in 1906. It linked Carthage, NC with Hallison, 8 1/2 miles away. While it was still a railroad, the R & C bought this small wood-burner from Baldwin. In the same year, it reorganized as a railway and extended itself from Hallison to McConnell (home of one of the investors).

The railway operated only another dozen years before it was sold at auction in 1924. The Moore Central, which ran from Carthage to Cameron, rose out of the ashes by abandoning a 2-mile stretch, picked up the now-orphaned 3, renumbered it 2, and ran it for decades longer. The railway and its successor railroad were never profitable

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Locobase ID13700
RailroadRandolph & Cumberland
Number in Class1
Road Numbers3
Number Built1
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)11.58 / 3.53
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)21.25 / 6.48
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.54
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)58,000 / 26,308
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)78,000 / 35,380
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)50,500 / 22,906
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)128,500 / 58,286
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)2500 / 9.47
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)32 / 16
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)44 / 1118
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)160 / 11
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)14" x 22" / 356x559
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)13,328 / 6045.49
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.35
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)144 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)11.08 / 3.38
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)93 / 8.64
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)14.20 / 1.32
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)915 / 85.01
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)915 / 85.01
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume233.42
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2272
Same as above plus superheater percentage2272
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area14,880
Power L14131
Power MT471.07

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