Wauchula, Atlantic & Gulf 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

Class Details by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Class 1 (Locobase 13826)

Data from Baldwin Locomotive Works datacard as digitized by the DeGolyer Library of Southern Methodist University, Volume 39, p. 66. See also "The Wauchula Section in Famous De Soto County, Florida", Thirty Years of Southern Upbuilding, Manufacturer's Record Thirtieth Anniversary Issue, Part II, Volume LXI, No 7 (22 February 1912), p. 121. Works number was 36629 in May 1911.

The WA & G was wholly owned by the Wachula Manufacturing & Timber Company and was located in southern Florida among 60,000 acres of De Soto County timber. The railroad ran from Wauchula a distance of 8 miles to a junction with the Charlotte Harbor & Northern. The #1 was a typical Baldwin short-line, wood-burning Ten-wheeler design that came in two driver sizes; the 50" was the smaller of the two.

In addition to the large stands of timber, only 10% had been cut-over by the time of the 1912 assessment, the company's land held promising phosphate deposits. Once all of the resources had been extracted, the survey noted, the territory would "...have one of the most inviting fields in the State for a big colonization enterprise. Its boundaries embrace soil of the best type for agricultural purposes+strong, rich, fertile. The soil is adapted to the production of every kind of fruit or vegetable grown in Florida, and brings forth most of them in the greatest abundance and in their highest state of perfection. There is very little wet land that cannot be easily drained, and none so dry that water cannot be easily secured by driven wells."

How could anything go wrong? Certainly in 1912, the prospects were bright: "When these lands are opened up to sale and settlement, and when farms, groves and truck fields line either side of the railroad that will run through the tract from end to end the long way, it will make one of the richest and most prosperous sections of the State, and the town of Wauchula, the central business, manufacturing, banking and shipping point, will be one of the most prosperous of the State's many prosperous towns."

When De Soto County was subdivided in 1921,Wauchula was named county seat of the newly created Hardee County. Phosphate mining remained a key industry in Hardee County for the rest of the century and into the 21st. In 2004, Hurricane Charley swept over the area and damaged or destroyed 85% of Wauchula's buildings and homes.

At some point, the WA & G sold the 1 to American Cynamid, probably to support the phosphate mining in Brewster, Florida area. It sold the engine to locomotive rebuilder/reseller Birmingham Rail & Locomotive in May 1926. BR & L reduced the cylinder diameter to 15" and sold the engine to Stewart Jones of Archer, Florida who immediately sent it on to Maddox Foundry & Machine Corporation.

Principal Dimensions by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media

Locobase ID13826
RailroadWauchula, Atlantic & Gulf
Number in Class1
Road Numbers1
Number Built1
Valve GearStephenson
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase (ft / m)12.83 / 3.91
Engine Wheelbase (ft / m)22.98 / 7
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheelbase 0.56
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) (ft / m)45.33 / 13.82
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) (lbs / kg)
Weight on Drivers (lbs / kg)72,000 / 32,659
Engine Weight (lbs / kg)95,000 / 43,091
Tender Loaded Weight (lbs / kg)60,000 / 27,216
Total Engine and Tender Weight (lbs / kg)155,000 / 70,307
Tender Water Capacity (gals / ML)3000 / 11.36
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) (gals/tons / Liters/MT)
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) (lb/yd / kg/m)40 / 20
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter (in / mm)50 / 1270
Boiler Pressure (psi / kPa)160 / 11
High Pressure Cylinders (dia x stroke) (in / mm)16" x 24" / 406x610
Tractive Effort (lbs / kg)16,712 / 7580.44
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.31
Heating Ability
Tubes (number - dia) (in / mm)178 - 2" / 51
Flues (number - dia) (in / mm)
Flue/Tube length (ft / m)12.23 / 3.73
Firebox Area (sq ft / m2)90 / 8.36
Grate Area (sq ft / m2)15.50 / 1.44
Evaporative Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1222 / 113.53
Superheating Surface (sq ft / m2)
Combined Heating Surface (sq ft / m2)1222 / 113.53
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume218.60
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation2480
Same as above plus superheater percentage2480
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area14,400
Power L13988
Power MT366.33

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