Philadelphia & Reading 4-6-2 "Pacific" Type Locomotives

Introduction

The first 30 of Reading class G1sa Pacifics were built at the Reading shops from 1916-1922. The last five of this class were built by Baldwin in 1924. With 40,900 lbs starting te and 80 inch drivers, these were certainly not light Pacifcs. They had a Wootten type firebox, designed for burning an anthracite waste product, "culm", and anthracite coal in general. Similar Pacifics were to be found on the Central New Jersey, the Lehigh Valley the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western

In 1948, Reading Shops built Class G3 (no more "s", just as on the Pennsy)) 210-219. Basically, these were developments of a later version of 124, class G2sa. They had higher boiler pressure, and such details as a Worthington SA feedwater heater and cast steel engine beds. Under the combined onslaught of diesels and the debilitating effect of declining passenger traffic, they were all gone within nine years. One of the places where they worked was on the Pennsylvania- Reading Seashore Line, during the summer rush. Actually, on PRSL runs which served PRR 30th Street, they may well have been the last steam locomotives to haul passenger trains in Philadelphia.

Class Details by Steve Llanso

Class G1-sa (Locobase 445)

Data from Railway Age Gazette (21 July 1916), pp 107-109. See also DeGolyer, Vol 74, pp. 89 + and RDG 11 - 1926 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive collection. Wooten type boiler

First Pacifics (five in the order) bought by the Philadelphia and Reading. RA's report commented that the valve gear and reciprocating parts had been made as light as possible to "reduce the ill effects from the counterbalancing." The piston load per pound of reciprocating parts was 79 lb (35.8 kg) and 65% of the reciprocating parts was balanced. The result was a dynamic augment of 41.5% of the static weight at 80 mph (129 kmh). Inside-admission piston valves measured 12" (306 mm) in diameter.

Used on the Boardwalk Flyer between Philadelphia and Atlantic City. Reading built 25, Baldwin the last five in a batch (works #57756-57760) in April 1924. Baldwin built another five in 1925 with 74" drivers; see Locobase 9411.

Class G1-sb (Locobase 9411)

Data from Reading 11 - 1926 Locomotive Diagrams supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive collection. See also DeGolyer, Vol 74, pp. 102+. Works numbers were 58264-58266, 58291-58292 in March 1925.

Locobase 445 shows the lion's share of this design, the version that rolled on 80" (2,032 mm) drivers. To finish the class in 1925, the Reading bought five from Baldwin with smaller drivers. Otherwise they were repeats of the G1-sa down to the 12" (305 mm) inside-admission piston valves.

Class G2-sa (Locobase 158)

Data from tables in 1930 Locomotive Cyclopedia, supplemented by Reading 11 - 1926 Locomotive Diagram book supplied in May 2005 by Allen Stanley from his extensive collection.

Built 10 years after the first Pacifics on the Reading (Locobase 445), these Baldwins (works 59226, 59254-59258) differed only in small details. They were fitted with the large Wootten firebox fitted to most Reading engines. Westcott (1960) says these engines "were carefully designed so they could run as fast as the Reading's Atlantics". Used on the Boardwalk Flyer between Philadelphia and Atlantic City.


Specifications by Steve Llanso
Class G1-sa G1-sb G2-sa
Locobase ID 445 9411 158
Railroad Philadelphia & Reading Philadelphia & Reading Philadelphia & Reading
Country USA USA USA
Whyte 4-6-2 4-6-2 4-6-2
Road Numbers 105-134 200-204 175-179
Gauge Std Std Std
Builder several several Baldwin
Year 1916 1925 1926
Valve Gear Walschaert Walschaert Walschaert
Locomotive Length and Weight
Driver Wheelbase 13.83' 13.83' 13.83'
Engine Wheelbase 35.58' 35.58' 35.92'
Ratio of driving wheelbase to overall engine wheebase 0.39 0.39 0.39
Overall Wheelbase (engine & tender) 67.98' 67.98' 72.20'
Axle Loading (Maximum Weight per Axle) 61000 lbs 59120 lbs 64860 lbs
Weight on Drivers 176900 lbs 177210 lbs 192540 lbs
Engine Weight 273600 lbs 288120 lbs 306360 lbs
Tender Light Weight 160000 lbs 183000 lbs 154000 lbs
Total Engine and Tender Weight 433600 lbs 471120 lbs 460360 lbs
Tender Water Capacity 8000 gals 9000 gals 9000 gals
Tender Fuel Capacity (oil/coal) 12.9 tons 16 tons 15 tons
Minimum weight of rail (calculated) on which locomotive could run 98 lb/yard 98 lb/yard 107 lb/yard
Geometry Relating to Tractive Effort
Driver Diameter 80" 74" 80"
Boiler Pressure 220 psi 220 psi 230 psi
Cylinders (dia x stroke) 25" x 28" 25" x 28" 25" x 28"
Tractive Effort 40906 lbs 44223 lbs 42766 lbs
Factor of Adhesion (Weight on Drivers/Tractive Effort) 4.32 4.01 4.50
Heating Ability
Firebox Area 282 sq. ft 282 sq. ft 314 sq. ft
Grate Area 94.50 sq. ft 94.50 sq. ft 95 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface 2926 sq. ft 2926 sq. ft 3045 sq. ft
Superheating Surface 652 sq. ft 652 sq. ft 745 sq. ft
Combined Heating Surface 3578 sq. ft 3578 sq. ft 3790 sq. ft
Evaporative Heating Surface/Cylinder Volume 183.93 183.93 191.41
Computations Relating to Power Output (More Information)
Robert LeMassena's Power Computation 20790 20790 21850
Same as above plus superheater percentage 24532 24532 26220
Same as above but substitute firebox area for grate area 73207 73207 86664
Power L1 18816 17404 21822
Power MT 703.48 649.55 749.60

Photos

  • 113 (Leslie Broomfield photo courtesy Robert Broomfield)
  • 124 (Edward G. Weinstein collection)
  • 216 (Edward G. Weinstein collection)

Reference

Credits

Introduction and roster provided by Richard Duley . Class details and specifications provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media.